Document Type: Original Articles

Authors

1 department of community nutrition, school of nutrition and food sciencs, shiraz university of medical sciences

2 department of clinical nutrition- school of nutrition and food technology- shahid beheshty universlty of medical sciences

Abstract

Background: Given the importance of birth weight and the effects of anthropometric indices and socioeconomic status on it, this study was conducted to assess birth weight and its related factors among infants born in the hospitals of Ahwaz Jondishapour University. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 269 newly born babies and their mothers in hospitals of Ahwaz Jondishapour University during 2009. Neonate anthropometric measures were obtained from hospital reports. The mothers were asked about their weight before pregnancy, their weight gain and demographic and socioeconomic data. SPSS software version16 was used to analyze the data. Relationships among infants and mothers’ anthropometric indices were assessed using bivariate correlation. Results: 86.8% of the infants were normal as to weight, 8.7% were underweight, and 4.5% overweight. Mothers’ weight gain during pregnancy and BMI before pregnancy were 12.18±5.18(kg) and 24.75±4.78(kg/m2), respectively. There was a significant correlation between infant’s birth weight and mother’s weight, height and weight gain during pregnancy. Discussion: Results of this study showed that mothers’ weight before pregnancy and their pregnancy weight gain have a key role in infant birth weight, so controlling the mother’s weight gain according to recommendation has a great effect on infant’s health.

Keywords

  1. Farah N, Stuart B, Donnelly V, Kennelly MM, Turner
  2. MJ. The influence of maternal body composition
  3. on birth weight. European Journal of Obstetrics &
  4. Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 2011; 157: 14-17.
  5. Vahdaninia M, Tavafian S, Montazeri A. Correlates of
  6. low birth weight in term pregnancies: a retrospective
  7. study from Iran. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2008;
  8. : 12.
  9. Jahanian Sh, Ziaei S, Kazem nejhad A. Correlation
  10. of mother body mass index and weight gain during
  11. pregnancy and intra uterine growth retardation.
  12. Scientific journal of Hamadan nursing and midwifery
  13. school 2009; 7: 67-720.
  14. Maddah M, Karandish M, Mohammadpour-Ahranjani
  15. B, Neyestani TR, Vafa R, Rashidi A. Social factors
  16. and pregnancy weight gain in relation to infant birth
  17. weight: a study in public health centers in Rasht, Iran.
  18. Eur J Clin Nutr 2005; 59: 1208-12.
  19. Nahar S, Taylor CG, Begum HA. Maternal
  20. anthropometry as a predictor of birth weight. Public
  21. Health Nutr 2006; 10(7): 965-70.
  22. Ay L, Kruithof CJ, Bakker R, Steegers EA, Witteman
  23. JC, Moll HA, et al. Maternal anthropometrics are
  24. associated with fetal size in different periods of
  25. pregnancy and at birth. The Generation R Study. BJOG
  26. ; 116(7): 953-63.
  27. Nemati, A, Refahi S, Berak M, Jafari M, Etehad G.
  28. Correlation of mother anthropometric indises and infant
  29. birth weight in Alavi hospital of Ardebil. Scientific
  30. journal of Ardebil university of medical sciences 2007;
  31. (1): 84-9.
  32. Jansena PW, Tiemeierc H, Loomanb CW, Jaddoea
  33. VW, Hofmand A, Molle HA. Explaining educational
  34. inequalities in birthweight: the Generation R Study.
  35. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2009; 23: 216-28.
  36. Goshtasebi A, Banaem L, Alizadeh Rodbary M,
  37. Bakouei S. The Association Between Preconception
  38. Body Mass Index and Pregnancy Weight gain on Birth
  39. Weight. Journal of Mazandaran university of medical
  40. sciences 2011; 21(84): 81-5.
  41. Moghaddam F, Saraswathi G. Maternal anthropometric
  42. measurements and other factors: relation with birth
  43. weight of neonates. Nutr Res Pract 2012; 6(2): 132-7.
  44. Rodrigues PL, Oliveira LC, Santos Brito A, Kac G.
  45. Determinant factors of insufficient and excessive
  46. gestational weight gain and maternal–child adverse
  47. outcomes. Nutrition 2010; 26: 617-23.
  48. Fallah MH, Afrouz GA, Heidari GA. Examining the
  49. Factors Effective on Birth Weight among Babies of
  50. Yazd Province in 2007. Journal of Yazd health school
  51. ; 7: 65-75.
  52. Delaram M, Akbari N. Correlation of mother weight
  53. gain during pregnancy and infant birth weight. Journal
  54. of Knowledge and health 2008; 3(2): 39-43.
  55. Zohour A. Correlation of first pregnancy weight
  56. gain and infant birth weight. Journal of fertility and
  57. infertility 2002: 33-9.
  58. Erick M, Nutrition during pregnancy and lactation
  59. In: Mahan LK, Escott- stomp S. Krause s food and
  60. nutrition therapy. 12th edition, 2008, Saunders, USA,
  61. P: 163.
  62. Tabande A, Kashani A. Correlation of mother body
  63. mass index and pregnancy weight gain and mother and
  64. infant complications. Journal of Gorgan university of
  65. medical sciences 2007; 9(1): 20-4.
  66. Carnero AM, Mejı CR, Garcı PJ. Rate of gestational
  67. weight gain, pre-pregnancy body mass index and
  68. preterm birth subtypes: a retrospective cohort study
  69. from Peru. BJOG 2012; 119: 924-35.