Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Larestan University of Medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran

2 Larestan University of Medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran

3 Student Research Committee, Larestan University of Medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran

4 Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran

5 Department of Nursing, Khomein University of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran

10.30476/jhsss.2020.84047.1030

Abstract

Background:
Resiliency is considered as a coping method
for nurses in dealing with work problems. Because different
personality characteristics also cause different responses by
nurses in coping with challenges, this study was conducted
to investigate the relationship between personality traits and
resilience in Nurses and Paramedical staff in Lar and Gerash
hospitals.
Methods:
This is a cross-sectional study. The research sample
consisted of 160 nurses and paramedical staff in Lar and Gerash
hospitals that were selected by convenience sampling strategy.
To measure the variables, NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-
FEI) and Connor - Davidson Resiliency Scale (CD-RISC) were
used. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient
in SPSS version 25 software.
Results:
Statistical analysis showed that extraversion personality
traits (r=0.680, P<0.001), openness to experience (r=0.452,
P<0.001), agreeableness (r=0.298, P<0.001), and conscientiousness
(r=0.635, P<0.001) had a positive and significant correlation with
the resiliency variable, and it was only the trait of neuroticism
(r=-0.749, P<0.001) that had an inverse and significant correlation
with the resiliency variable.
Conclusion:
In the nursing profession, resiliency is a key element
in improving the mental health of nursing staff and helping
them to cope better with their stress, challenges and difficulties.
Therefore, awareness of the effect of the nurses’ personality traits
leads to better management, and since resilience is an educable
and changeable variable, problems with nurses who lack effective
personality traits can be improved by increasing resiliency

Keywords