Comparison of Job Stress Dimensions in Iranian Nurses with Those from other Countries Based on the Demand-Control-Support Model

Mostafa Barzideh, Alireza Choobineh, Hamidreza Tabatabaee

Abstract


Background: Evidence shows that job stress potentially has adverse effect on individuals’ health and organizational productivity. It has, therefore, become an important issue in the occupational health context. The aims of this study were to investigate job stress dimensions among nurses of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS) hospitals and comparing the results with the findings of the previous studies conducted in other countries. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 385 randomly selected nurses of SUMS participated. The Persian version of Job Content Questionnaire (P-JCQ) and demographic questionnaire were used for data collection. The linguistic validity and psychometric properties of P-JCQ have been assessed and approved in a previous study. One sample t-test was used to examine the differences between means of job stress dimension scores of the present and those of the previous studies carried out in other countries. Results: The means (SD) of decision latitude, psychological job demands, social support, physical job demands and job insecurity were found to be 58.15 (6.50), 38.19 (5.14), 22.67 (3.67), 16.03 (2.58), and 7.74 (3.85), respectively. The results revealed that decision latitude and social support dimensions were in a low level among the study subjects. In contrast, psychological job demand, physical job demand, and job insecurity dimensions were shown to be in a high level. Conclusion: The SUMS hospital environment collectively imposes higher job stress on the nurses as compared to that of other countries. To prevent harmful effects of job stress on the nurses’ health and job performance, developing macro-ergonomic strategies in this working environment, such as enhancing job control, reducing job demands, and providing supportive climate, seem necessary.


Keywords


Nurses; Job stress; Occupational health; Iran

Full Text:

PDF

References


Li J, Yang W, Liu P, Xu Z, Cho SI. Psychometric

evaluation of the Chinese (mainland) version of Job

Content Questionnaire: a study in university hospitals.

Ind Health 2004; 42(2): 260-7.

LaDou J. Occupational & environmental medicine. 2nd

ed. New York, Stamford: Prentice-Hall International;

McGraw-Hill, 1997. p. 585-601.

Levy BS, Wegman DH, Baron SL, Sokas RK.

Occupational and environmental health: recognizing

and preventing disease and injury. 5th ed. Philadelphia,

Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2006. p. 382-395.

Stellman JM. Encyclopedia of occupational health and

safety. 4th ed. Geneva, International Labor Office,

p. 34.2-34.28.

Karasek RA, Theörell T. Healthy work-stress,

productivity, and the reconstruction of working life.

New York, Basic Book, 1990.

Magnago TSBS, Lisboa MTL, Griep RH, Kirchhof

ALC, Guido LA. Psychosocial aspects of work and

musculoskeletal disorders in nursing workers. Rev

Latino-Am Enfermagem 2010; 18(3): 429-35.

Josephson M, Lagerström M, Hagberg M, Wigaeus

Hjelm E. Musculoskeletal symptoms and job strain

among nursing personnel: a study over a three year

period. Ocup Environ Med 1997; 54(9): 681-5.

Menzel NN. Psychosocial factors in musculoskeletal

disorders. Crit Care Nurs Clin Am 2007; 19(2): 145-53.

Chiu YL, Chung RG, Wu CS, Ho CH. The effects of

job demands, control, and social support on hospital

clinical nurses’ intention to turn over. Appl Nursing

Res 2009; 22(4): 258-63.

Kain J, Jex S. Karasek’s (1979) Job Demands-

Control Model: a summary of current issues and

recommendations for future research. In: Perrewé

PL, Ganster DC. New developments in theoretical

and conceptual approaches to job stress. UK, Emerald

Group Publishing Limited, 2010, p. 237-67.

Karasek R, Brisson C, Kawakami N, Houtman I,

Bongers P, Amick B. The Job Content Questionnaire

(JCQ): an instrument for internationally comparative

assessments of psychosocial job characteristics. J

Occup Health Psychol 1998; 3(4): 322-55.

Hanse JJ, Forsman M. Identification and analysis

of unsatisfactory psychosocial work situations: a

participatory approach employing video-computer

interaction. Appl Ergon 2001; 32(1): 23-9.

Nomura K, Nakao M, Takeuchi T, Yano E. Associations

of insomnia with job strain, control, and support among

male Japanese workers. Sleep Med 2009; 10(6): 626-9.

Hansen AM, Hogh A, Persson R, Karlson B, Garde

AH, Ørbaek P. Bullying at work, health outcomes,

and physiological stress response. J Psychosomatic

Res 2006; 60(1): 63-72.

Sinokki M, Hinkka K, Ahola K, Koskinen S, Kivimäki

M, Honkonen T, et al. The association of social support

at work and in private life with mental health and

antidepressant use: t he health 2000 study. J A ffect

Disord 2009; 115(1-2): 36-45.

Barzideh M, Choobineh AR, Tabatabaee SHR. Job stress

dimensions and their relationship to musculoskeletal

disorders in Iranian nurses. Work 2014; 47(4): 423-9.

World Medical Association declaration of Helsinki,

Finland, June 1964, and amended by the 59th

WMA General Assembly, Seoul, Korea, October

Available from http://www.wma.net/ en/30publications/10policies/b3/ (Accessed December

, 2011).

Karasek RA. Job Content Questionnaire and user’s

guide. Lowell, Massachusetts, Department of Work

Environment, University of Massachusetts, 1985.

Choobineh AR, Ghaem H, Ahmadinejad P. Validity

and reliability of the Persian (Farsi) version of the Job

Content Questionnaire: a study among hospital nurses.

EMHJ 2011; 17(4): 335-41.

Morgan DG, Semchuk KM, Stewart NJ, D’Arcy C.

Job strain among staff of rural nursing homes. A

comparison of nurses, aides, and activity workers.

JONA 2002; 32(3): 152-61.

Tominaga MT, Miki A. A longitudinal study of factors

associated with intentions to leave among newly

graduated nurses in eight advanced treatment hospitals

in Japan. Ind Health 2010; 48(3): 305-16.

Eum KD, Li J, Jhun HJ, Park JT, Tak SW, Karasek R,

et al. Psychometric properties of the Korean version

of the Job Content Questionnaire: data from health

care workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2007;

(6): 497-504.

Shen HC, Cheng Y, Tsai PJ, Lee SH, Guo YL.

Occupational stress in nurses in psychiatric institutions

in Taiwan. J Occup Health 2005; 47(3): 218-25.

Ortiz VG. Assessment of psychosocial stressors at work:

psychometric properties of the JCQ in Colombian workers.

Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología 2011; 43: 329-42.

Ibrahim S, Smith P, Muntaner C. A multi-group crosslagged

analyses of work stressors and health using

Canadian national sample. Soc Sci Med 2009; 68(1):

-59.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

pISSN: 2345-2218          eISSN: 2345-3893