Document Type: Original Articles

Authors

Department of Community Health Nursing, Fatemeh (P.B.U.H) Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Namazi square, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Background: Premenstrual syndrome is considered as one of the most common psychiatric disorders that greatly disrupts women's life.Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between mental health and premenstrual syndrome among female students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in 2016 on a total of 168 students residing in dormitories of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences who were selected by block randomization method. Data collection tools included demographic data, PSST & GHQ questionnaire. Data were conducted throughSPSS software, version 22, using descriptive tests and Spearman correlation coefficient.Results: Spearman correlation coefficient showed a significant correlation (p<0.001) between premenstrual syndrome score, mental health and all its dimensions except for social interactions (P = 0.525). Moreover, anxiety and sleep disorders with a frequency of 51.2% were the most common mental disorder among the students.Conclusion: Our study showed that there was a correlation between premenstrual syndrome score and mental health in girls. Therefore, necessary measures should be taken by counseling centers in schools and universities to improve the mental health of people with premenstrual syndrome who have a higher risk of psychological and physical disorders.

Keywords

  1. Ryu A, Kim T-H. Premenstrual syndrome: A mini review. Maturitas. 2015;82(4):436-40.
  2. Steiner M, Macdougall M, Brown E. The premenstrual symptoms screening tool (PSST) for clinicians. Archives of Women’s Mental Health. 2003;6(3):203-9.
  3. Rizk DE, Mosallam M, Alyan S, Nagelkerke N. Prevalence and impact of premenstrual syndrome in adolescent schoolgirls in the United Arab Emirates. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. 2006;85(5):589-98. PubMed PMID: 16752239. Epub 2006/06/06. eng.
  4. Hussein Shehadeh J, Hamdan‐Mansour AM. Prevalence and association of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder with academic performance among female university students. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. 2017.
  5. Dennerstein L, Lehert P, Bäckström TC, Heinemann K. Premenstrual symptoms–severity, duration and typology: an international cross-sectional study. Menopause international. 2009;15(3):120-6.
  6. Steiner M, Macdougall M, Brown E. The premenstrual symptoms screening tool (PSST) for clinicians. Archives of Women’s Mental Health. 2003;6(3):203-9.
  7. Hariri FZ, Moghaddam-Banaem L, Bazi SS, Malehi AS, Montazeri A. The Iranian version of the Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool (PSST): a validation study. Archives of women's mental health. 2013;16(6):531-7.
  8. Noorbala A, Mohammad K. The validation of general health questionnaire-28 as a psychiatric screening tool. Hakim Research Journal. 2009;11(4):47-53.
  9. Dirkovand Moghaddam A, Kikhavandi S, Sayemiri K. The Worldwide Prevalence of Premenstrual Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study. The Iranian journal of obstetrics, gynecology and infertility. 2013;16(65):8-17. Persian.
  10. Sadr SS, Ardestani SMS, Razjouyan K, Daneshvari M, Zahed G. Premenstrual syndrome and comorbid depression among medical students in the internship stage: a descriptive study. Iranian journal of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. 2014;8(4):74.
  11. Slavin SJ, Schindler DL, Chibnall JT. Medical student mental health 3.0: improving student wellness through curricular changes. Academic Medicine. 2014;89(4):573.
  12. Hope V, Henderson M. Medical student depression, anxiety and distress outside North America: a systematic review. Medical education. 2014;48(10):963-79.
  13. de Sousa Furtado E, de Oliveira Falcone EM, Clark C. Avaliação do estresse e das habilidades sociais na experiência acadêmica de estudantes de medicina de uma universidade do Rio de Janeiro. Interação em Psicologia. 2003;7(2).
  14. Panahi F, Faramarzi M. The Effects of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on Depression and Anxiety in Women with Premenstrual Syndrome. Depression Research and Treatment. 2016;2016.
  15. Strine TW, Chapman DP, Ahluwalia IB. Menstrual-related problems and psychological distress among women in the United States. Journal of Women's Health. 2005;14(4):316-23.
  16. Schatz DB, Hsiao M-C, Liu C-Y. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder in East Asia: a review of the literature. The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. 2012;43(4):365-80.
  17. Forrester-Knauss C, Stutz EZ, Weiss C, Tschudin S. The interrelation between premenstrual syndrome and major depression: results from a population-based sample. BMC Public Health. 2011;11(1):795.
  18. Freeman EW. Treatment of depression associated with the menstrual cycle: premenstrual dysphoria, postpartum depression, and the perimenopause. Dialogues in clinical neuroscience. 2002;4:177-91.
  19. Jafarnejad F, Shakeri Z, Najaf najafi M, Salehi fadardi J. Survey of the relationship between stress and catching premenstural syndrome. IJOGI. 2013;16(76):11-8. Persian.
  20. Takeda T, Imoto Y, Nagasawa H, Muroya M, Shiina M. Premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder in Japanese collegiate athletes. Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology. 2015;28(4):215-8.