Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 M.S. in Nursing, Nursing School, Jahrom University Of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran

2 PhD Candidate Student of Health Education and Health Promotion, Health Education and Health Promotion Department, Health School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 M.S. in Nursing, Nursing and Paramedical School, Gerash,Iran.

4 Associate Professor, PhD in Health Education and Health Promotion, Health Education and Health Promotion Department , Health School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.(

Abstract

Introduction: The role of fathers in adolescents’ health is regarded as less important than mothers. This necessitates considering their role more than before. The present study was conducted to investigate the associations between high school students’ demographic profile and their general health with the fatherhood characteristics of their fathers.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional investigation was conducted among 604 girl and boy students in 2015 in Shiraz (Iran). The data collection tools included two self-administered questionnaires and a General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). Two self-administered questionnaires consisted of 5 demographic and 16 fatherhood characteristics questions. They were selected through a simple random sampling method, and the data were analyzed by Pearson correlation and descriptive statistics. The significance level was considered as 5%.
Results: The findings showed that 495 students (46.90% girls and 53.10 boys) participated in the present study. They also demonstrated that 382 students were between 15-17 years old (79.20%) and 113 of them (20.80) aged about 18-19. There was significant associations between the mean scores of students general health and some of their fatherhood characteristics (P value=0.01). Some of their demographic information was also correlated to their general health significantly. The mean scores of fatherhood characteristics and students’ general health were, in turn, 38.56 (SD=14.6) and 44.99 (SD=9.69).
 Conclusion: This study demonstrated the role of fathers in their offspring’s health status. It makes it necessary to educate fathers and reinforce their capabilities to promote their children’s health.

Keywords

References:

1. Musacchio N, Forcier M. Adolescent health. In: Quah, SR, Heggenhougen K, editors. International encyclopedia of public health. Oxford: Academic Press, 2008:33–48.

 

2. Yeo LS, Ang RP, Chong WH, Huan VS. Gender differences in adolescent concerns and emotional well-being: perceptions of Singaporean adolescent students. J Genet Psychol 2007;168:63–80.

 

3. Ravens-Sieberer, U., Wille, N., Erhart, M., Nickel, J., Richter, M.

Socioeconomic inequalities in mental health among adolescents in Europe. In: Social cohesion for mental well-being among adolescents. (2008) pp 26–42.

 

4-Natalia Moskvichevaa*, Nina Bordovskaiaa, Zoya Dudchenkoa, Elena Borisova, Relationship between adolescents' and parents' life values and attitudes toward future profession, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 217 ( 2016 ) 160 – 168.

5-. Jessica L. Samuelson, M.A., Young Fathers’ Relationship with Their Child’s Family members and Other Factors of Father’s with Their Children, Alliant International University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2017. 10265814.

 

6-.Rosenberg, J, & Wilcox, W. Bradford. (2006) The importance of fathers in the healthy development of children. Office on Child Abuse and Neglect, U.S. Children's, (2006).

7-.McLeod, Branden Anthony., Factors associated with fathers' involvement with their children among Black fathers with criminal records, Morgan State University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2015. 3707688.

 

8- Ellen Alicia Morgan, Parents’ Substance Abuse History, Self-Efficacy, and Involvement in The Children’s Education, Published by ProQuest LLC ( 2017). Copyright of the Dissertation is held by the Author.

9-.Patterson, J.M., , Fathering in Diverse Social Contexts, Healthy Generations, volume: 8, issue:2, PP:4-5.(2008).

 

10-Anna J. Markowitz and Rebecca M. Ryan,Father Absence and Adolescent Depression and Delinquency: A Comparison of Siblings Approach, J Marriage Fam. 2016 October ; 78(5): 1300–1314. doi:10.1111/jomf.12343.

 

11-Thomas J. Schofield,Rand D. Conger,M. Brent Donnellan,Rachel Jochem,Keith F. Widaman, Katherine J. Conger, Parent Personality and Positive Parenting as Predictors of Positive Adolescent Personality Development Over Time, Merrill Palmer Q (Wayne State University Press). 2012 April ; 58(2): 255–283. doi:10.1353/mpq.2012.0008.

 

12-Tofighi Asghar,Babaei Sulmaz,Dastah Samaneh, The Relation Between Mental Health And Physical Activity Among Nurses Working In Urumieh Hospitals,Vol.12th,No. 1,20016,pages 72-78.

13-Michael D. Colburn, Emily Harris, Corinne Lehmann,Lea E. Widdice, and Melissa D. Klein, Adolescent Depression Curriculum Impact on Pediatric Residents’ Knowledge and Confidence to Diagnose and Manage Depression, Journal of Adolescent Health xxx (2019) 1-7.

 

14-Pratishtha Bhattacharyya1 and Rabindra Kumar Pradhan, Perceived Paternal Parenting Style and Proactive Coping Strategies of Indian Adolescents, International Journal of Psychological Studies; Vol. 7, No. 2; 2015.

 

 

15-Seyed Ebrahim Mousavi,Wah Yun Low, Aili Hanim Hashim, Perceived Parenting Styles and Cultural Influences in Adolescent’s Anxiety: A Cross-Cultural Comparison,, J Child Fam Stud (2016) 25:2102–2110,DOI 10.1007/s10826-016-0393-x.

 

16-. Michela Sonego , Alicia Lla´cer , In˜aki Gala´n ,Fernando Simo´n., The influence of parental education on child mental health in Spain, Qual Life Res (2013) 22:203–211,DOI 10.1007/s11136-012-0130-x.

 

17-Goodman, E., Huang, B., Wade, T. J., & Kahn, R. S. A multilevel analysis of the relation of socioeconomic status to adolescent depressive symptoms: does school context matter? Journal of Pediatrics, (2003)143(4), 451–456.

 

18- Iannotti, R. J., Janssen, I., Haug, E., Kololo, H., Annaheim, B., & Borraccino, A. Interrelationships of adolescent physical activity, screen-based sedentary behaviour, and social and psychological health. International Journal of Public Health, 54(Suppl 2), (2009) 191–198.

 

19- Schneiders, J., Drukker, M., van der Ende, J., Verhulst, F. C., vanOs, J., & Nicolson, N. A. Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and behavioural problems from late childhood into early adolescence. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, (2003). 57(9), 699–703.

 

 

20-Chalasani, S.The changing relationship between parents’ education and their time with children. electronic International Journal of TimeUseResearch4(1):93117.Availablefrom:http://ideas.repec.org/a/leu/journl/2007vol4p93-117.html. Accessed 6 June 2011.

 

21- Guryan, J., Hurst, I., & Kearney, M. Parental education and parental time with children. Journal of Economic Perspectives,22(3), (2008) 23–46.

 

22-Binta Alleyne-Green, Claudette Grinnell-Davis, Trenette T. Clark, Qiana R. Cryer-Coupet, The role of fathers in reducing dating violence victimization and sexual risk behaviors among a national sample of Black adolescents, Children and Youth Services Review 55 (2015) 48–55.

 

23-McCallops, Kathleen A., The Relationship between Bullying, Suicidality, and Youth Homelessness: The Role of Parent Support as a Moderator, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2018.