The quarterly Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System is a non profitable periodical, common to the School of Health and Nutrition and the vice-chancellor for Health at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. The journal publishes original research papers, short communications, scientific notes, case reports, letter to editors, and review articles in English. The scope of papers comprises all aspects of Health Sciences and Surveillance System. The Editorial Board would be glad to receive your original papers on any area of Health Sciences.



Dear Authors


We respectfully inform the esteemed authors that editorial Board has decided to receive a fee for the initial review and Publication of articles in JHSSS at the last meeting (Since 17st January 2022). For more information about the charges please see the article charges section at guide for authors Link.


Prof. K. Azizi

Editor in Chief;



Review Articles
Efficacy, Safety, and Application of Ultraviolet Radiation for Disinfection in Dentistry: A Systematic Review

Hosein Eslami; Amir Hooman Sadr Haghighi; Hossein Hosseinifard; Fatemeh Salehnia; Elaheh Fakhri; farzaneh Afshari

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 238-249

  Background: New antimicrobial procedures are of significant importance to emerging species of bacteria and viruses. The objective of this systematic review study was to identify the efficacy, safety, and application of UV light in the disinfection of dental environments, instruments, and materials. Methods: ...  Read More

Review Articles
Physical and Psychological Problem of COVID-19 Infection in Healthcare Workers: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Mohebat Vali; Alireza Mirahmadizadeh; Zahra Maleki; Sima Afrashteh; Arefe Abedinzade; Farzaneh Kasraei; Haleh Ghaem

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 250-256

  Background: Coronavirus is among the pathogens that primarily target the respiratory system. Given the importance of Health Care Workers (HCWs) in the fight against COVID-19, their infection with the virus and death can cause irreparable damage to public health. The present systematic review and meta-analysis ...  Read More

Review Articles
Review and A Brief Report on the Health Perspective, Causative Agents, Vectors, and Reservoirs of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Iran

Jalal Mohammadi; Mohsen Kalantari; Zahra Nasiri; Davood Mehrabani; Hamzeh Alipour; Mohammad Djafar Moemenbellah-Fard; Kourosh Azizi

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 257-265

  Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is still widespread in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. The vector of the disease is a sandfly, when infected with Leishmania parasite, can transmit the parasite from humans to other vertebrates. As knowledge about causative agents, vectors, and reservoirs ...  Read More

Review Articles
A Brief Review on Working Fluid Wastewater Treatment: A Glance at the Disposal of Exhausted Fluids Used in the Organic Rankine Cycle

Mohammad Mehdi Golbini Mofrad; Mika Sillanpää; Iman Parseh; Afshin Ebrahimi; Mohammad Mehdi Amin

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 266-275

  Background: Treating working fluid wastewater (WFW) by having several organic/inorganic pollutants is not an easy task. There are many hurdles to adopt an appropriate treatment strategy through biological, physical, chemical, and electrochemical approaches. Methods: The treatment methods of WFW are reviewed ...  Read More

Original Article
Hematological Markers in the Assessment of Severity of COVID-19 Infection—A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study

Swathy Moorthy; Teena Koshy; Mahesh Kumar K; Jasmine Chandra A; Emmanuel Bhaskar; Santhi Silambanan

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 276-283

  Background: Patients with COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) present varying disease severity; with such heterogeneity in clinical presentations, it can be challenging to assess the severity and progression of the disease. In addition, no specific markers have been identified that would indicate the ...  Read More

Original Article
The Fear of COVID-19 Infection one Year After Business Reopening in Iranian Society

Mohsen Poursadeqiyan; Nayyereh Kasiri; Behzad Khedri; Zahra Ghalichi Zaveh; Amin Babaei Pouya; Somayeh Barzanouni; milad Abbasi; Maryam Feiz Arefi; Farahnaz Khajehnasiri; Naser Dehghan

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 284-292

  Background: People’s participation in more efficient control of the disease and public awareness about the risk of COVID-19 affect their preventive behavior. This study examines the level of fear of COVID-19 infection in Iranian society after returning to social activities and business reopening. ...  Read More

Original Article
A Survey on Shiraz Health Care Center Personnel’s Knowledge and Attitudes Toward the Consumption of Probiotic Products in 2018

Aliasghar Masihi Nezhad; Amena Barikani; Maryam Javadi

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 293-300

  Background: Probiotics are non-pathogen microorganisms that confer a health benefit on the gut system. The Health personnel are responsible for treating the patients, which is a sensitive role; therefore, their knowledge, attitude, and consumption of probiotics are important. Methods: A cross-sectional ...  Read More

Original Article
The Mediating Role of Anxiety Tolerance and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Concerning Childhood Harms and the Occurrence of Symptoms of Avoidant Personality Disorder in Nurses

Mohamadali Ghodratollahifard; Sajad Aminimanesh; Mahbobeh Chinaveh

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 301-307

  Background: This study evaluated the mediating role of anxiety tolerance and cognitive emotion regulation concerning childhood harms and the occurrence of symptoms of avoidant personality disorder in nurses at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Methods: 291 nurses at Shiraz University of Medical ...  Read More

Original Article
A Survey of Factors Affecting the Prevalence of Obesity, Overweight, and Central Obesity among Urban adults Referred to Birjand Health Centers in 2017

Tooba Kazemi; Bita Bijari; Mohammad Reza Abedini; Hamid Azadmehr

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 308-313

  Background: Obesity is one of the most public health challenges in the 21st century, which has increased in most countries during the last decade. This study aimed to determine factors affecting the prevalence of obesity, overweight, and central obesity among urban adults referred to Birjand health centers ...  Read More

Original Article
Effects of Ergonomic Features and Anxiety on the Productivity of Office Workers

Ahmad Baleshzar; Zeinab Rasouli Kahaki; Zahra Rojhani

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 314-321

  Background: Productivity plays a fundamental role in the global economy. Human resources are the most important factor, causing an increase or decrease in the productivity of an organization. Ergonomics is the scientific theory that studies the relationship between individuals and other elements of a ...  Read More

Original Article
Evaluation of the Prevalence of Dietary Supplements and Weight Loss Drugs Usage by Recreational Athletes in Fars, Iran

Mehdi Ahmadian; Mohsen Ebrahimi

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 322-327

  Background: Several studies have investigated supplement and drug use prevalence among elite athletes. However, nonelite athletes who exercise in gyms to improve their health and appearance have received less attention. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of supplement use in recreational ...  Read More

Original Article
Wearing Cotton-polyester Gloves Under Surgical Latex Gloves to Improve the Symptoms of Hand Dermatitis in Operating Room Staffa

Masoud Sayadi Shahraki; Bahareh Sadat Abtahi Naeen; Amin Asefi; Mahdi Rafie; Shima Sefiddashti; Milad Nazari Sabet

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 328-333

  Background: Hand dermatitis is a group of diseases that result in inflammation of the skin in the area of the hand. The prevalence of latex allergies has been increasing in recent years, one of the reasons being the use of latex gloves to maintain safety. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of wearing ...  Read More

Original Article
Investigation of the Frequency of Fungal and Bacterial Contamination on Surfaces and Environmental Health Status of Mosques in Gonabad City, Iran-2020

Mohammad Hassan Minooeianhaghighi; Alireza Mohammadzadeh; Fatemeh Khani; Roya Peirovi-Minaee; Milad Mokhtarzade; Javad Bagheri

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 334-341

  Background: Mosques are known as a gathering place and a center of worship for Muslims. The present study aimed to investigate the environmental health status and fungal and bacterial contamination of mosques in Gonabad, Iran. Methods: This analytic-cross sectional study assessed the environmental health ...  Read More

Original Article
Contributing Factors in Hospital Internal Communication based on Hospital Managers and Healthcare Personnel’s Attitudes: A Qualitative Study

Rita Rezaee; Sahar Zare; Fatemeh Niknam; Ali Akbari; Mohammad Shirdeli; Farshad Falahati; Saeed Aghajani

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 342-350

  Background: A variety of clinical and administrative employees form a complicated communication network which makes various conflicts and contradictions possible in hospitals. This highlights the significant impact of internal communication in directing healthcare centers as one of the manager’s ...  Read More

Original Article
The Relationship between the Job Type and Women’s Sexual Function and Satisfaction in Ahwaz

Maryam Nikbina; Zahra Pajohideh

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 351-357

  Background: Overall, women make up a third of the world’s workforce. With the heavy increase in the number of working women, marital dissatisfaction will also increase. While the strength of the marital relationship without having satisfactory sex is in jeopardy, paying attention to sexual satisfaction ...  Read More

Original Article
The Relationship between Physical and Mental Health and Coping Strategies in Operating Room

Reza Tavakkol; Ashkan Karimi; Armin Fereidouni; Azadeh Amiri; Ebrahim Nazari Far

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 358-364

  Background: Coping strategies depend to a large extent on stressors, individual experiences, severity, and characteristics of the stressors. In general, it seems that the risk of physical and mental health problems in stressful situations increases if people do not use coping mechanisms. Methods: This ...  Read More

Original Article
Upstream Determinants and Downstream Risk Factors of COVID-19 Infection in Iran: A Qualitative Study of Health Professionals’ Views

Zahra Jorjoran Shushtari; Marzieh Shirazikhah; Sina Ahmadi; Yahya Salimi; Akbar Biglarian; Ali Almasi; Toktam Paykani

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 365-375

  Background: Iran, after China, emerged as one of the first COVID-19 epidemic countries. Despite all efforts to interrupt new transmission chains, the virus continued to quickly spread across the country. WHO has highlighted a crucial role for social factors and intersectoral collaboration to tackle COVID-19. ...  Read More

Short Communication
Control of COVID-19 in Rural Area: An Evidence-based Strategy

Mohammad Khammarnia; Seyed Mohammad Hashemi-Shahri; Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam; Seyed Mehdi Tabatabaei; Ali Naghizadeh; Mohammadhadi Abbasi; Seyed Mohammad Nasiruddin Tabatabaei; Fatemeh Setoodehzadeh; Mehdi Zangane Bayegi; Majid Sartipi

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 376-379

  Background: COVID-19 has become a global problem. In this case study, the experiences gained from disease control in rural areas are reported. Methods: An observational study was done in 2020 in Sistan and Balochestan, the largest province with most rural areas in the southeast of Iran. Results: After ...  Read More

Case Study
How to manage Ebstein’s Anomaly in Pregnancy: A Literature Review with Case Study

Alireza Nematollahi; Shadi Zamansaraei; Farima Safari; Parvin Bahrami

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 380-387

  Background: Ebstein’s anomaly (EA) is a congenital heart defect that causes cyanosis and arrhythmia. The treating physician has difficulty when it comes to pregnant women since patients frequently reach reproductive age. How to manage these patients during pregnancy or approach patients who are ...  Read More

Letter to Editor
Suggestion for Ascertaining the Size Breed of the Biting Dog on Epidemiological Reports and Animal Bite Registration and Reporting System in Iran

EhsanAllah Kalteh; Abdurrahman Charkazi; Golshirin Yatimparvar; Mousa Ghelichi-Ghojogh; Abdolaziz Ghezel

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, Pages 388-389

  Rabies is among the world’s most important and most fatal zoonotic diseases,1 The agent causing rabies is an RNA virus of the Lyssavirus genus, in the family Rhabdoviridae.2 that affects the central nervous system in warmblooded mammals, including humans. Due to a case fatality rate of 100% (once ...  Read More

Health Integrated System in Iran: Opportunities and Constraints

Fatemeh Setoodehzadeh; Mohammad Khammarnia; Mostafa Peyvand

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, , Pages 206-207

  Nowadays, information and communications technology (ICT) has deeply influenced different aspects, especially healthcare sector.(1) Increasing public awareness and expectations has encouraged healthcare providers to use modern technologies to improve service quality.(2) Health technologies provide useful ...  Read More

Risk Assessment of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Determination of the Associated Factors among Workers of a Dairy Products Factory

zahra zamanian; hadi daneshmandi; Hojjatolah Setoodeh; Ebrahim Nazaripoor; Abdollah Haghayegh; Saeed Shaban Sarvestani

Volume 2, Issue 4 , October 2014, , Pages 134-139

  Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common causes of occupational injuries that appear in the lower back, neck and upper and lower extremities mainly. This study was conducted to assess the risk of MSDs and determine of its associated factors in workers of a dairy products ...  Read More

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Assessment of Working Conditions in an Iranian Petrochemical Industry

Alireza Choobineh; Hadi Daneshmandi; Shahed Asadi; Shahram Ahmadi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , July 2013, , Pages 33-40

  Background/Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common causes of occupational injuries. This study was conducted with the objectives of determination of prevalence rate of MSDs and ergonomics assessment of the risk of MSDs among workers of a petrochemical company. Methods: ...  Read More

A Study of Antibiotics Self-Medication at Primary Health Care Centers in Shiraz, Southern Iran

Mehrdad Askarian; Mohsen Hosseingholizadeh mahani; Mina Danaei; Mohsen Momeni

Volume 1, Issue 1 , July 2013, , Pages 1-5

  Background: Nowadays, self-medication of therapeutic agents is of global concern particularly in developing and underdeveloped countries. Some studies conducted in Iran showed that the frequency of self-medication was significant. Objective: This research was conducted to estimate the prevalence of arbitrary ...  Read More

Knowledge and Practice of Medical Students on Healthy Lifestyle: A Cross-Sectional Study in Shiraz

Mehrdad Askarian; Zahra Dehghani; Mina Danaei; Veda Vakili

Volume 1, Issue 2 , October 2013, , Pages 77-82

  Background: Physicians are one of the most important groups directly associated with public health and their health related lifestyle has a significant impact on their patient’s behaviors. Several studies showed that the majority of medical students did not have appropriate and healthy behaviors. The ...  Read More

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