The quarterly Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System is a non profitable periodical, common to the School of Health and Nutrition and the vice-chancellor for Health at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. The journal publishes original research papers, short communications, scientific notes, case reports, letter to editors, and review articles in English. The scope of papers comprises all aspects of Health Sciences and Surveillance System. The Editorial Board would be glad to receive your original papers on any area of Health Sciences.



Dear Authors


We respectfully inform the esteemed authors that editorial Board has decided to receive a fee for the initial review and Publication of articles in JHSSS at the last meeting (Since 17st January 2022). For more information about the charges please see the article charges section at guide for authors Link.


Prof. K. Azizi

Editor in Chief;



Review Articles
Inhibition of IL-1/IL-6 Pathway Reduces Mortality in Patients with SARS-CoV-2

Elham Keshtzar; Marzieh Rashedinia

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 390-396

  Background: Novel 2019 Coronavirus (covid-19) or SARSCoV-2 disease is spreading quickly throughout the globe and threatening public health. Severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS-CoV-2 may precipitate “cytokine” storm, immune system dysregulation, and hyper-coagulation that are responsible ...  Read More

Original Article
Impact of COVID-19-related Stress on Glycaemic Control in Hospitalized Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Rohini Patil; Kamal Shah; Deepak Bhosle

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 397-402

  Background: Evaluation of the impact of stress on glycaemic control in hospitalized type-2 diabetes (T2DM) patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19).Methods: In this retrospective study conducted at a single centre in Maharashtra from May to July 2020 on hospitalized COVID-19 patients with T2DM who ...  Read More

Original Article
Smartphone Addiction and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: An Evaluation of the Possible Association

Armita Farid; Setayesh Sotoudehnia Korani; Ali Rezazadeh Roudkoli; Niloofaralsadat Noorian; Seyedeh Maryam Mousavinezhad; Zahra Mohajeri; Mohamadmostafa Jahansouz; Padideh Daneii; Farzin Ghiasi; Arian Tabesh; Sina Neshat

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 403-407

  Background: Smartphones and other electronic devices have become a large part of our day-to-day lives, and their influence on our lifestyle is not a matter anyone can disregard. This study evaluates the association between the smartphone addiction scale (SAS) and the Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) with adjustment ...  Read More

Original Articles
The Effect of Magnetized Water on the Absorption of Cadmium Using Synthetic Effluents by Lantana camara Species

Elahe Jafari Hafshajani; Mehran Hoodaji; Faezeh Ghanati; Yaghoob Hosseini; Vali Alipour

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 408-419

  Background: Magnetization of water, as a factor that stimulates the other factors related to plant growth, is an affective physical solution on plant resistance and yield.Methods: In this case-control research, the effect of magnetized water on cadmium removal by Lantana camara was investigated. An experiment ...  Read More

Original Article
Characterization of Yellow Fever Suspected Cases and Confirmed Outbreaks in a Southwest State, Nigeria, 2021

Itse Olaoye; Akinola Ayoola Fatiregun; Adewale M. Adejugbagbe; Modupeola Dosumu; Ekun Opeyemi; Zubairu Mahmud; David Adeleke; Tsemaye Jacdonmi; Aladesawe Talaat Adesokeji; Famokun Gboyega; Abiona Samuel

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 420-428

  Background: Yellow fever (YF) is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever caused by the yellow fever virus and transmitted by Aedes mosquito species. Despite the availability of a very effective vaccine, yellow fever virus (YFV) remains a public health threat across Africa. Enhanced disease surveillance, vector ...  Read More

Original Article
The Level of Attention to Life Skills in the Social Sciences Curriculum of Elementary School from the Perspective of Teachers in Sothern Iran

Tayebe Piri; Maryam Sahraei

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 429-433

  Background: L ife s kills h elp t he i ndividuals i n d ifferent situations to communicate with others desirably and appropriately and to learn how to access social services, environment, and participation in life-making decisions and activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the level of ...  Read More

Original Article
Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitmentbased Therapy on Psychological Flexibility and Resilience in Mothers of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Somayeh Panahpouri; Sara Arshi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 434-438

  Background: One of the most stressful experiences for any family is managing a child with a disability, disorder, or chronic illness. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment-based therapy on psychological flexibility and resilience among mothers with ...  Read More

Original Article
The Relationship between Safety Culture and Safety Behavior: An Approach to Occupational Accident and Injury Management

Mohsen Mahdinia; Ahmad Soltanzadeh; Kiana Hosseinzadeh; Alireza Omidi Oskouei

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 439-445

  Background: Safety culture can be a good indicator of safety performance which can contribute to the formation of the employee safety behaviors. Therefore, recognizing the dimensions of safety culture and their effect on the employee safety behaviors could be a useful step in the management of occupational ...  Read More

Original Article
The Mortality Rate and Years of Life Lost due to COVID-19 in Southwestern Iran

Habibollah Azarbakhsh; Aliasghar Valipour; Ali Hemmati; Alireza Mirahmadizadeh; Leila Moftakhar

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 446-451

  Background: COVID-19 emerged in China for the first time, and spread rapidly in the world and in Iran. It caused the death of many people. This study was performed to estimate the years of life lost due to COVID-19 in southwestern Iran.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, deaths due to COVID-19 were ...  Read More

Original Article
Comparing the Need for Recovery in the Operating Room Practitioners with and Without Covid-19 Infection History

Ehsan Bakhshi; Reza Kalantari; Hamed Parnikh; Samaneh Dehghan Abnavi; Mehdi Hasanshahi; Sanaz Farhadpour; Somayeh Gheysari

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 452-457

  Background: Healthcare staff are at the heart of the covid-19 pandemic and play an important role in controlling this disease. Operating room practitioners could be contaminated by a coronavirus, which imposes a high pressure on them, affecting their need for recovery from work. This study aimed to compare ...  Read More

Original Article
Analysis of Medication and Procedure Complications in Hospitalized Iranian Patients

Ali Mohammadi; Soodeh Shahsavari; Sousan Mahmoudi Bavandpouri; Roholah Mohammadi; Masoomeh Nouri Tahneh

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 458-464

  Background: Complications are defined as the adverse outcome of the procedures. They increase the length of stay and costs, endanger the patient’s quality of life, and are associated with legal issues. This study aims to analyze the complications of drugs and surgeries in hospitalized patients.Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article
Training and Planning for Successful Breastfeeding among Pregnant Women

Maryam Saberi; Fatemeh Vizeshfar; Zahra Keshtkaran

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 465-470

  Background: Breastfeeding training among mothers is necessary to ensure the continuation of this behavior. Given the great benefits of breastfeeding for children and mothers and the effective role of training in this process, studies have emphasized the importance of training, support, and follow-up. ...  Read More

Original Article
Redesign and Fabrication of a Folding Ergonomic Laptop Desk for College Students

Mojtaba Jafarvand; Saeid Ahmadi; Ali Safari Variani; Sakineh Varmazyar

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 471-479

  Background: Awkward posture during work is one of the most critical risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders. A laptop desk fitting with users’ body dimensions plays a crucial role in maintaining proper posture and reducing musculoskeletal disorders. This study aimed to redesign and fabricate ...  Read More

Original Article
Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Validity, Reliability, and Cut-Off Points of Persian Version of Widowhood Resilience Scale (WRS, 25-Items) among Iranian Widows

Mahsa Yarelahi; Nasim Pirzadeh; Mahin Nazari; Abdolrahim Asadollahi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 480-487

  Background: Widowhood is an unwonted stage after married life accompanied by emotional and physical stress. Resilience plays an important role in coping with widowhood, but there is no appropriate instrument to help measure resilience among the Iranian population. Hence, the objective of the present ...  Read More

Original Article
Epidemiology of Trauma in Children and Adolescents Based on Emergency Medical Services (EMS 115) in Shiraz, 2017

Mahnaz Yadollahi; Leila Mohammadinia; Mojtaba Norouzi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 488-494

  Background: Trauma, the most common cause of mortality in children and adolescents, imposes high costs on the community. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology of trauma in children and adolescents and the risk factors associated with death to provide a clinical model of traumas in terms of ...  Read More

Original Article
Prediction of Mental Health by Religious Orientation and the Mediating Role of Death Anxiety among Nurses in the Covid-19 Pandemic

Akram Farhadi; Hamed Javadian; Pouya Farokhnezhad Afshar

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 495-501

  Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has been around for more than a year as a global problem, the nurses being among the first groups involved in treating epidemics. In addition to becoming infected and dying from the disease, nurses also suffer from death anxiety. This study aimed to predict mental health ...  Read More

Original Article
Investigating Adherence to Public Health Preventive Instructions in COVID-19 Patients: A Cross-sectional Population-based Study

Armin Fereidouni; Maryam Ghanavati; Zahra Maleki; Bahareh Mahdood; Samira Safari; Fatemeh Zare; Leila Hashemi Zadehfard Hagheghe; Salman Barasteh; Camellia Torabizadeh

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 502-509

  Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has proven to be a major threat to public health in the present century. In this situation, adherence to preventive behaviors seriously impacts the prevention of viral diseases. The present study aims to investigate adherence to public health preventive instructions ...  Read More

Study Protocol
A Randomized Controlled Trial to Compare the Cost-effectiveness of Group Versus Weblog-telecommunication Nutrition Education Program on Glycemic, Lipids, and Anthropometric Control of Patients with Type- 2 Diabetes: Study Protocol

Seyedeh-Masomeh Derakhshandeh-Rishehri; Khosro Keshavarz; Delaram Ghodsi; Gholamreza Pishdad; Shiva Faghih

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, Pages 510-517

  Background: Education is the most important principle in managing diseases, especially diabetes. On the other hand, economic burden of diabetes is another important issue. Thus, this study aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness of group vs. Weblog-Telecommunication (Web-Tel) nutrition education on glycemic, ...  Read More

Health Integrated System in Iran: Opportunities and Constraints

Fatemeh Setoodehzadeh; Mohammad Khammarnia; Mostafa Peyvand

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, , Pages 206-207

  Nowadays, information and communications technology (ICT) has deeply influenced different aspects, especially healthcare sector.(1) Increasing public awareness and expectations has encouraged healthcare providers to use modern technologies to improve service quality.(2) Health technologies provide useful ...  Read More

Risk Assessment of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Determination of the Associated Factors among Workers of a Dairy Products Factory

zahra zamanian; hadi daneshmandi; Hojjatolah Setoodeh; Ebrahim Nazaripoor; Abdollah Haghayegh; Saeed Shaban Sarvestani

Volume 2, Issue 4 , October 2014, , Pages 134-139

  Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common causes of occupational injuries that appear in the lower back, neck and upper and lower extremities mainly. This study was conducted to assess the risk of MSDs and determine of its associated factors in workers of a dairy products ...  Read More

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Assessment of Working Conditions in an Iranian Petrochemical Industry

Alireza Choobineh; Hadi Daneshmandi; Shahed Asadi; Shahram Ahmadi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , July 2013, , Pages 33-40

  Background/Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common causes of occupational injuries. This study was conducted with the objectives of determination of prevalence rate of MSDs and ergonomics assessment of the risk of MSDs among workers of a petrochemical company. Methods: ...  Read More

A Study of Antibiotics Self-Medication at Primary Health Care Centers in Shiraz, Southern Iran

Mehrdad Askarian; Mohsen Hosseingholizadeh mahani; Mina Danaei; Mohsen Momeni

Volume 1, Issue 1 , July 2013, , Pages 1-5

  Background: Nowadays, self-medication of therapeutic agents is of global concern particularly in developing and underdeveloped countries. Some studies conducted in Iran showed that the frequency of self-medication was significant. Objective: This research was conducted to estimate the prevalence of arbitrary ...  Read More

Knowledge and Practice of Medical Students on Healthy Lifestyle: A Cross-Sectional Study in Shiraz

Mehrdad Askarian; Zahra Dehghani; Mina Danaei; Veda Vakili

Volume 1, Issue 2 , October 2013, , Pages 77-82

  Background: Physicians are one of the most important groups directly associated with public health and their health related lifestyle has a significant impact on their patient’s behaviors. Several studies showed that the majority of medical students did not have appropriate and healthy behaviors. The ...  Read More

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