The quarterly Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System is a non profitable periodical, common to the School of Health and Nutrition and the vice-chancellor for Health at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. The journal publishes original research papers, short communications, scientific notes, case reports, letter to editors, and review articles in English. The scope of papers comprises all aspects of Health Sciences and Surveillance System. The Editorial Board would be glad to receive your original papers on any area of Health Sciences.



Dear Authors


We respectfully inform the esteemed authors that editorial Board has decided to receive a fee for the initial review and Publication of articles in JHSSS at the last meeting (Since 17st January 2022). For more information about the charges please see the article charges section at guide for authors Link.


Prof. K. Azizi

Editor in Chief;



Review Articles
1. Overview on Origin, Transmission, Treatment and Clinical Researches of Sars-Cov-2

Asita Elengoe; Shalini Selvam

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 2-12

  Background: The year 2020 began with a new public health hazard. A novel coronavirus, acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was discovered in Wuhan, China on 12th December 2019. In 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) introduced the name of the disease as ‘COVID-19’. Objective: ...  Read More

Review Articles
2. Clinical Guidelines on the Use of Assisted Reproductive Technology During Covid-19 Pandemic: A Minireview of the Current Literature

Soudabeh Sabetian; Bahia Namavar Jahromi; Farnia Feiz; Isabella Castiglioni; Claudia Cava; Sina Vakili

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 13-18

  Background: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), caused by a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is now spread  worldwide. Therefore, informative and reliable data related to the exact effects of COVID-19 on fertility and pregnancy is still of great interest until the ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Challenges of Population Policies on Childbearing and Reproductive Health After the Islamic Revolution of Iran

Parviz Mirzaei; Nafiseh Vaez; Mohammad Hassan Talebian

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 19-27

  Background: The nature of population policies in the field of health, especially population, fertility, and childbearing is complicated, so the families’ and policymakers’ decision on the quantity and quality of the reproduction and the childbearing process has been controversial. This paper ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Assessment of the Individual and Family Characteristics Role in Adjustment among Secondary School Female Students in Mahshahr City

Monireh Alipoor; Jeyran Ostovarfar; Mahin Nazari; Ahmad Maghsoudi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 28-35

  Background: Adolescence is a period of important emotional, physical, and mental changes  characterized by significant adjustment problems. Adjustment with others is the most essential aspect of personal development. On the other hand, the inability to adjust with others may disrupt the normal flow ...  Read More

Original Article
5. The Effectiveness of Compassion-Focused Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Post-Divorce Adjustment in Divorced Women Referred to Counseling Center in Ahvaz

Mahtab Ardeshirzadeh; Saeed Bakhtiarpour; Rezvan Homaei; Zahra Eftekhar Saadi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 36-43

  Background: Divorce, as an issue, can contribute to the development of a wide range of problems and consequences and frequently lead to an increased risk of social problems at both individual and social levels. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Psychometric Properties and Cut-Off Points of Persian Version of PPRI 12-Items among Older Veterans in Iran

Leila Ghahremani; Fatemeh Maghsoudi; Abdolrahim Asadollahi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 44-49

  Background: Aging and retirement are a passage to a new course of ​​life for veterans. The role of army grandparents in relation with their adult children is important; therefore, it is necessary to study grandparent-adult children interactions during retirement. Unfortunately, there was no Iranian ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Relationship between Attachment Styles and Internet Addiction and its Influence on Female High School Students Academic Achievement

Fatemeh Gorjinpour; Zahra Tavana

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 50-55

  Introduction: Academic achievement is the most important indicator of the efficiency of any educational system. The objective of the present study was to determine the relationship between attachment styles and Internet addiction and its impact on the academic achievement of female high school students. Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article
8. Predictors of Permanent Childlessness in Iranian Women (Using the 2016 National Census Microdata Sample)

Serajeddin Mahmoudiani

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 56-61

  Background: Dramatic changes in the demographic behaviors of Iranian women have led to declining fertility after the mid-1980s. Childlessness is an important and growing issue and has increasingly become the focus of the problem by Iranian population policymakers. Methods: The present study was conducted ...  Read More

Original Article
9. Recently Discovered Iranian Population of Rousettus leschenaultii (Chiroptera; Petropodidae), Highlighting the Essential Need for Taxonomic Expertise in Applied Medical Sciences

Zeinolabedin Mohammadi; Alijan Tabarraei; Fatemeh Ghorbani; Asghar Khajeh; Haji Gholi Kami; Saeed Shahabi; Urban Olsson

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 62-70

  Background: Bats are potential reservoir hosts for vector-bornediseases that can transmit many bacterial and viral agents tohumans. Fruit bats are considered reservoirs of many virusesand they are of major importance in the medical sciences forcontrolling and preventing vector-borne diseases. This studyaimed ...  Read More

Original Article
10. Incidence of and Maternal-fetal Risk Factors Associated with Therapeutic Abortion: A Nested Case-control Design Based on a Population-based Historical Cohort

Zahra Maleki; Haleh Ghaem; Mozhgan Seif; Sedigheh Foruhari

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 71-77

  Introduction: Therapeutic Abortion (TA) has been defined as termination of pregnancy before the 20th week of gestation in order to save the mother’s life and prevent birth defects.The present study aimed to investigate the incidence of TA and its related maternal-fetal risk factors. Methods: This ...  Read More

Original Article
11. General or Spinal Anesthesia for Hip and Femoral Fractures and Subsequent Risk of Mortality and Morbidity

Jalal Saem; Hajar Haghshenas; Fateme Zare Qashlaghi; Fatemeh Mohseni; Rouhollah Rouhandeh; Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Amirhossein Saem

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 78-82

  Background: There are still conflicting results on thepostoperative consequences of patients with hip and femoralfractures based on the type of anesthesia. The aim of this studywas to compare mortality and morbidity of general and spinalanesthesia in patients undergoing hip and femoral fractures.Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article
12. Midterm Follow-up and Outcome of Pacemakers in Children: A Single Center Experience

Hamid Amoozgar; Effat Majidi; Nima Mehdizadegan; Mohammad Reza Edraki; Amir Naghshzan; Hamid Mohammadi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 83-87

  Background: Pacemaker implantation is an effective life-long treatment in patients with atrioventricular block to generate a reliable heartbeat. Choosing between epicardial and endocardial (trans-venous) techniques in children is based on the cardiac center experience and each technique has some benefits ...  Read More

Original Article
13. Critical Analysis of Quality-of-Life Domains from Primary to Adjuvant Treatment Stages in Breast Cancer Patients

Sanjiv Srivastava; Alpana Srivastava; Sandeep Tiwari

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 88-96

  Objective  To study the changes in quality of life (QoL) domains in breast cancer patients during the treatment and follow-up.   Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, UP. Data were collected using a two-part questionnaire. In the ...  Read More

Original Article
14. Evaluation of the Behavioral Changes Related to Food Hygiene and Safety During COVID-19 Outbreak

Golazin Hoseini; Zahra Esmaeilinezhad; Maedeh Gordali; Reza Barati-Boldaji; Zahra Negarandeh; Siavash Babajafari; Seyed Mohammad Mazloomi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 97-104

  Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate behavior changes related to food hygiene and safety during Covid-19 outbreak. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a digital questionnaire was used to collect the data. The questionnaire consisted of 36 questions in three sections: demographic ...  Read More

Original Article
15. The Predictors of Mental Health in the Iranian Elderly: The Role of Social Support and Loneliness

Roya Zakizadeh; Masoud Bahreini; Akram Farhadi; Razieh Bagherzadeh

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 105-112

  Introduction: The rapid growth of the elderly population,  challenges and the importance of mental health of the elderly, need to pay attention to mental health and the factors affecting it are inevitable. The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of mental health in the elderly with ...  Read More

Original Article
16. Factors Associated with Anogenital Warts and Gonorrhea Infection: A Cross-Sectional Study

Romina Faridizad; Ali Alavi; Parastoo Golshiri; Sayed Mohammad Hasan Alavi Shoushtari; Michelle D Lall; Sina Neshat

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 113-118

  Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are one the most common infections in the world. Among them, anogenital warts and gonorrhea infections are a significant group of STIs. We conducted this research to evaluate the prevalence of anogenital warts and gonorrhea infection and their related ...  Read More

Original Article
17. The Effectiveness of Dattilio Cognitive Couple Therapy on Interpersonal Cognitive Distortions in Conflicting Couples in Mashhad

Atefe Rezaian; Ali Mashhadi; Elham Rezaian; Ebrahim Nazarifar; Seyed Ali Kimiaee

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 119-125

  Introduction: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Dattilio cognitive couple therapy on interpersonal cognitive distortions in conflicting couples in Mashhad. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2017 and the participants included all conflicting couples  ...  Read More

Original Article
18. Optimization of Col H Gene Encoding Clostridium histolyticum Collagenase to Express in Escherichia coli

Seyed Mohammad Amin Mahdian; Abbasali Raz; Navid Dinparast Djadid; Hamzeh Alipour

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 126-133

  Background: A given amino acid sequence can be encoded by a huge number of different nucleic acid sequences. These sequences, however, have proved not to be equally useful. The choice of sequence can significantly impact the expression of an encoded protein. Given the importance of protein-coding sequence ...  Read More

Case Study
19. Health Risk Assessment of Occupational Exposure of Refinery Unit Site Workers to BTEX in an Oil Refinery Company

Samad Jalilian; Sima Sabzalipour; Maryam Mohammadi Rouzbahani; Ebrahim Rajabzadeh Ghatrami; Leila Ibrahimy Ghavamabadi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 134-141

  Background: Specific improvements in the risk assessment of chemicals have been recently considered by many national and international expert groups. This study aimed to identify the highest occupational exposure levels in  Abadan Oil Refining Company, Iran, to benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and ...  Read More

Letter to Editor
20. Increased Risk of Physical Problems Following Sleep Disorders During the COVID-19 Epidemic in Health Care Personnel

Hamed Delam; Fatemeh Zare

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 142-143

  Coronavirus (COVID-19) was first developed in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and spread rapidly around the world (1, 2). In late January 2020, the disease was recognized as the sixth international public health emergency (3). The infection is transmitted from person to person through respiratory secretions ...  Read More

1. Health Integrated System in Iran: Opportunities and Constraints

Fatemeh Setoodehzadeh; Mohammad Khammarnia; Mostafa Peyvand

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, , Pages 206-207

  Nowadays, information and communications technology (ICT) has deeply influenced different aspects, especially healthcare sector.(1) Increasing public awareness and expectations has encouraged healthcare providers to use modern technologies to improve service quality.(2) Health technologies provide useful ...  Read More

2. Risk Assessment of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Determination of the Associated Factors among Workers of a Dairy Products Factory

zahra zamanian; hadi daneshmandi; Hojjatolah Setoodeh; Ebrahim Nazaripoor; Abdollah Haghayegh; Saeed Shaban Sarvestani

Volume 2, Issue 4 , October 2014, , Pages 134-139

  Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common causes of occupational injuries that appear in the lower back, neck and upper and lower extremities mainly. This study was conducted to assess the risk of MSDs and determine of its associated factors in workers of a dairy products ...  Read More

3. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Assessment of Working Conditions in an Iranian Petrochemical Industry

Alireza Choobineh; Hadi Daneshmandi; Shahed Asadi; Shahram Ahmadi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , July 2013, , Pages 33-40

  Background/Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common causes of occupational injuries. This study was conducted with the objectives of determination of prevalence rate of MSDs and ergonomics assessment of the risk of MSDs among workers of a petrochemical company. Methods: ...  Read More

4. A Study of Antibiotics Self-Medication at Primary Health Care Centers in Shiraz, Southern Iran

Mehrdad Askarian; Mohsen Hosseingholizadeh mahani; Mina Danaei; Mohsen Momeni

Volume 1, Issue 1 , July 2013, , Pages 1-5

  Background: Nowadays, self-medication of therapeutic agents is of global concern particularly in developing and underdeveloped countries. Some studies conducted in Iran showed that the frequency of self-medication was significant. Objective: This research was conducted to estimate the prevalence of arbitrary ...  Read More

5. Knowledge and Practice of Medical Students on Healthy Lifestyle: A Cross-Sectional Study in Shiraz

Mehrdad Askarian; Zahra Dehghani; Mina Danaei; Veda Vakili

Volume 1, Issue 2 , October 2013, , Pages 77-82

  Background: Physicians are one of the most important groups directly associated with public health and their health related lifestyle has a significant impact on their patient’s behaviors. Several studies showed that the majority of medical students did not have appropriate and healthy behaviors. The ...  Read More

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