The quarterly Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System is a non profitable periodical, common to the School of Health and Nutrition and the vice-chancellor for Health at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. The journal publishes original research papers, short communications, scientific notes, case reports, letter to editors, and review articles in English. The scope of papers comprises all aspects of Health Sciences and Surveillance System. The Editorial Board would be glad to receive your original papers on any area of Health Sciences.



Dear Colleagues, authors, editors …

I am proud to inform you that our journal, (JHSSS), has recently been accepted by Content Selection & Advisory Board (CSAB) for indexing in the Scopus International Index (June 2021). So, while congratulating and thanking You for your mindful efforts, I hope with more effort and more participation of qualified international researchers, While establishing and continuing this issue, can be indexed in other valid international indexes as soon as possible. We still need your support and sympathy, dear ones.

Prof. K. Azizi

Editor in Chief;



Review Articles
1. A Systematic Review of the Arthropod-Borne Rickettsial Diseases with a Special Emphasis on Iran

Aboozar Soltani; Fatemeh Borouji; Sanam Abdollahi; Arefe-sadat Pourtabatabaei

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 208-217

  Background: Rickettsialinfections occur worldwide. Rickettsia spp. are mandatory intracellular Gram-negative bacteria that can cause mild to severe disease. Objectives:Recently, with increasing international travel to high-risk areas, the risk of rickettsia transmission has increased. These infections ...  Read More

Review Articles
2. A Review of Pediculosis Studies in Iran During Three Decades (1990-2020)

Mousa Khosravani; Shokat Ali Amiri; Azam Rafatpanah; Cobra Bandak; Roya Latifi; Mohammad Moradi; Nashmin Mohemmi; Fariba Abdollahi Harat; Seyed Mohsen Mohebbi Nodez; Zohreh Hatami

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 218-225

  Background: Lice are obligate parasites that bring about some mild infestation or severe diseases on different parts of the human body. Head lice can easily spread in an overcrowded community with inadequate hygienic conditions. Also, it affects children’s well-being and education programs. Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Defaulting from Care and Quality of Life of Adults on Anti-Retroviral Treatment Program in Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria: A Case-Control Study

Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi; Ikeola A. Adeoye; Olufunmilayo I. Fawole

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 226-234

  Background: In Nigeria, over 600,000 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are on antiretroviral therapy (ART) as of 2020. Defaulters after commencing ART range between 10-36%. This study identified the factors associated with default from ART and quality of life among PLWHA. Methods: An unmatched case-control ...  Read More

Original Articles
4. The Role of Occupational Factors in Physical Activity of Nurses Based on PRECEDE-PROCEED Model

Mehdi Kargar; Leila Ghahremani; Mohammad Hosein Kaveh; Mahin Nazari

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 235-242

  Background: Nurses have insufficient physical activity due to occupational conditions. This study investigated occupational factors affecting their physical activity based on PRECEDE-PROCEED Model. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among 161 nurses working at Shiraz University of Medical ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Blood Pressure National Campaign in Iran: Experiences of Service Recipients- A Qualitative Study

Mehdi Zanganeh Baygi; Mostafa Peyvand

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 243-252

  Background: The National Campaign of Blood Pressure Control began for all people over 30 years old throughout Iran in June 2019. The authors conducted the present study to explain the experiences of service recipients about the blood pressure campaign in Iran. Methods: This study that isa qualitative ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Readability of English Articles Published in Iranian Medical Journals and Their Comparison with Articles Published in English and American Medical Journals in 2018

Zohre Shabbooie; Nasrin Shokrpour

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 253-256

  Background: Readability is one of the critical factors in choosing a suitable text to teach the students or ordinary people. Studies have shown that the readability of a text depends on the number of citations, type of article, journal impact factor, and journal scope. This study aimed at determining ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Permethrin-associated kdr Mutations through Molecular Analysis of Human Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) Populations in School Children in the South of Iran

Saeedeh Ebrahimi; Marzieh Shahriari-Namadi; Saeed Shahabi; Mohammad Djaefar Moemenbellah-Fard; Hamzeh Alipour

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 257-264

  Background:Human head lice is one of the most invincible neglected skin diseases. The use of pyrethroid insecticides is a standard method of treating the disease, which leads to lice population resistance in the long run. The main aim of the current survey was to screen the biomarkers of permethrin-associated ...  Read More

Original Article
8. Determination of The Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anaemia Among Children Aged 0-5 Years in Gwagwalada Area Council, Federal Capital Territory(Fct), Abuja, Nigeria

Gideon I.A Okoroiwu

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 265-271

  Background: Anaemia is a major public health problem in developing countries, contributing significantly to morbidity and mortality in children under five years of age. About 43.0% of children under five years are anaemic worldwide, and two-third are residing in sub-Saharan Africa. The objectives of ...  Read More

Original Article
9. Can Menopausal Education Enhance Marital Satisfaction of Middle-Aged Men?

Mahsa Yarelahi; Masoud Karimi; Ebrahim Nazarifar; Elham Rezaian; Maryam Ghaedi; Abdolrahim Asadollahi

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 272-277

  Background: The lack of knowledge about menopausal care in couples and inappropriate coping with menopause symptoms can reduce the couples' quality of the marital relationship. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the knowledge and ability of men to prevent menopause destructive effects on marital ...  Read More

Original Article
10. Designing a Psychological Empowerment Model for Chronic Pain Management: A Qualitative Study

Violet Alipour; Farah Naderi; Behnam Makvandi; Reza Pasha; Parviz Asgari

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 278-285

  Background: Given the chronic pain management complexities, achieving a model for managing chronic pain psychological dimensions is very important. Hence, the current study aimed to design a psychological empowerment model in chronic pain management. Methods: This qualitative method was conducted using ...  Read More

Original Articles
11. A Study of Using Anticoagulants in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangalore: A Prospective Study

Shahrzad Raouf; Farshad Namdarifar; Emad Malekpour Shahraki; Sridhara Murthy

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 286-290

  Background: drug utilization studies are necessary to evaluate the rational use and associated risks of anticoagulants. This study aimed to identify drug utilization pattern and possible drug interactions with the use of anticoagulants in a tertiary care hospital in Bangalore.   Methods: This prospective, ...  Read More

Original Article
12. Seasonal Variations of Natural Organic Matter (NOM), Residual Chlorine, and pH in Water Distribution Networks of Shiraz City

Zeynab Tabatabaei; Mohammad Ali Baghapour; Vafa Lotfi; Amin Samzadeh

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 291-297

  Background: Natural Organic Matters (NOMs) react in the presence of residual chlorine in distribution network pipes, producing such byproducts as Trihalomethanes which are carcinogenic and mutagenic. The present study was conducted to investigate the quality of drinking water in Shiraz. Methods: In this ...  Read More

Original Article
13. Evaluating the Efficiency of Clarifier Returned Sludge with Poly-aluminum Chloride Coagulant (PAC) for Improving the Removal of Turbidity, COD and PVC

Sara Kahvaei; Afshin Takdastan; Reza Jalilzadeh Yengejeh

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 298-304

  Background: Nowadays, the discharge of effluents containing chemicals through manufacturers or consumer industries causes major environmental problems. In this study, we assessed the effect of sludge reversal of the clarifier unit on enhancing the coagulant performance of Poly-Aluminum chloride in the ...  Read More

Original Article
14. Epidemiological Study of Brucellosis in Ilam Province from 2011 to 2018: A Cross-sectional Study

Habibollah Azarbakhsh; Marziye Tolide; Ali Jalilian; Kumars Eisapareh

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 305-311

  Background: The aim of this study is to investigate the epidemiological indicators of brucellosis in Ilam province, west of Iran, during the years 2011 to 2018. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional analytical study was performed on 1,002 patients with brucellosis in Ilam province, west of Iran. ...  Read More

Original Article
15. Determination of Dispersion and Zoning of Air Pollutants in Tehran Using AERMOD Model: A Case Study of District 2 of Tehran, Iran

Reza Moghadam; Seyed Ali Jozi; Rokhshad Hejazi; Mojgan Zaeimdar; Saeed Malmasi

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 312-319

  Background: Cities, as population centers, face increasingly diverse environmental problems. Hence, there is an urgent need for a healthy environment by eliminating the emission of various life-threatening air pollutants with different origins. The present study aimed to determine the air pollution zones ...  Read More

1. Health Integrated System in Iran: Opportunities and Constraints

Fatemeh Setoodehzadeh; Mohammad Khammarnia; Mostafa Peyvand

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, , Pages 206-207

  Nowadays, information and communications technology (ICT) has deeply influenced different aspects, especially healthcare sector.(1) Increasing public awareness and expectations has encouraged healthcare providers to use modern technologies to improve service quality.(2) Health technologies provide useful ...  Read More

2. Risk Assessment of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Determination of the Associated Factors among Workers of a Dairy Products Factory

zahra zamanian; hadi daneshmandi; Hojjatolah Setoodeh; Ebrahim Nazaripoor; Abdollah Haghayegh; Saeed Shaban Sarvestani

Volume 2, Issue 4 , October 2014, , Pages 134-139

  Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common causes of occupational injuries that appear in the lower back, neck and upper and lower extremities mainly. This study was conducted to assess the risk of MSDs and determine of its associated factors in workers of a dairy products ...  Read More

3. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Assessment of Working Conditions in an Iranian Petrochemical Industry

Alireza Choobineh; Hadi Daneshmandi; Shahed Asadi; Shahram Ahmadi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , July 2013, , Pages 33-40

  Background/Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common causes of occupational injuries. This study was conducted with the objectives of determination of prevalence rate of MSDs and ergonomics assessment of the risk of MSDs among workers of a petrochemical company. Methods: ...  Read More

4. A Study of Antibiotics Self-Medication at Primary Health Care Centers in Shiraz, Southern Iran

Mehrdad Askarian; Mohsen Hosseingholizadeh mahani; Mina Danaei; Mohsen Momeni

Volume 1, Issue 1 , July 2013, , Pages 1-5

  Background: Nowadays, self-medication of therapeutic agents is of global concern particularly in developing and underdeveloped countries. Some studies conducted in Iran showed that the frequency of self-medication was significant. Objective: This research was conducted to estimate the prevalence of arbitrary ...  Read More

5. Knowledge and Practice of Medical Students on Healthy Lifestyle: A Cross-Sectional Study in Shiraz

Mehrdad Askarian; Zahra Dehghani; Mina Danaei; Veda Vakili

Volume 1, Issue 2 , October 2013, , Pages 77-82

  Background: Physicians are one of the most important groups directly associated with public health and their health related lifestyle has a significant impact on their patient’s behaviors. Several studies showed that the majority of medical students did not have appropriate and healthy behaviors. The ...  Read More

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