Document Type : Original Articles
Department of Soil Science, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Science, University of Tarbiat Modares, Tehran, Iran
Department of Soil and Water Research, Hormozgan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Bandar Abbas, Iran
Department of Environmental Health, University of Medical Sciences of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Background: Magnetization of water, as a factor that stimulates the other factors related to plant growth, is an affective physical solution on plant resistance and yield.
Methods: In this case-control research, the effect of magnetized water on cadmium removal by Lantana camara was investigated. An experiment with completely randomized-block design was done to irrigate the plant pots using 3 levels of water treatment (W1: magnetic, W2: semi magnetized and W3 non-magnetized:) and 4 levels of cadmium 0, 0.5, 1, and 2 mg/L with 3 replications.
Results: The results showed that the interaction effects of cadmium levels and irrigation water treatment on soil, shoot, and root cadmium content were significant. The amount of soil cadmium decreased by 39.49 percent by increasing the concentration of metal (2 mg/L) in irrigation water under the influence of magnetized water treatment. Evaluation of cadmium accumulation, adsorption index and transfer factor showed that the highest amount of them in the treatment of 2 mg / l cadmium in the surface of magnetized water was equal to 0.836, 0.034, and 1.654 respectively. The lowest shoot and root cadmium under the influence of magnetic water treatment was 0.559 and 0.303 (mg Kg-1), respectively, which was significant compared to non-magnetized water treatment. The enzyme activity of CAT (Catalase), SOD (superoxide dismutase), POD (peroxidase), phenol, phenoloid, and anthocyanin was increased by applying magnetic water treatment.
Conclusion: Magnetized water by increasing the cadmium absorption by plants and stimulating the plant antioxidants had a significant effect on the absorption and transport of cadmium and increased the efficiency of refining plants by Lantana camara plant.
- Markogianni V, Anastasopoulou E, Tsoupras A, Dimitriou E. Identification of Pollution Patterns and Sources in a Semi-Arid Urban Stream. Journal of Ecological Engineering. 2018;19(2).
- Mousavi SM, Nasrabadi M. Discussion of “Wastewater Effect on the Deposition of Cohesive Sediment” by Milad Khastar-Boroujeni, Kazem Esmaili, Hossein Samadi-Boroujeni, and Alinaghi Ziaei. Journal of Environmental Engineering. 2019;145(1):07018004.
- Chaoua S, Boussaa S, El Gharmali A, Boumezzough A. Impact of irrigation with wastewater on accumulation of heavy metals in soil and crops in the region of Marrakech in Morocco. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. 2019;18(4):429-36.
- Shakunthala B, Shivanna S, Doddaiah S. Urban wastewater characteristic and its management in urban areas—a case study of Mysore City, Karnataka, India. Journal of Water Resource and Protection. 2010 Aug;2010.
- Robert RJ, Girish C. The removal of cobalt, nickel, Cadmium and lead from wastewater Using lantana camara as adsorbent. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology. 2018;9(8):292-30.
- Liu S, Ali S, Yang R, Tao J, Ren B. A newly discovered Cd-hyperaccumulator Lantana camara L. Journal of hazardous materials. 2019;371:233-42.
- Chowdhury R, Khan A, Rashid MH. Green synthesis of CuO nanoparticles using Lantana camara flower extract and their potential catalytic activity towards the aza-Michael reaction. RSC Advances. 2020;10(24):14374-85.
- Alaribe F, Agamuthu P. Assessment of phytoremediation potentials of Lantana camara in Pb impacted soil with organic waste additives. Ecological Engineering. 2015;83:513-20.
- Siyar R, Ardejani FD, Farahbakhsh M, Norouzi P, Yavarzadeh M, Maghsoudy S. Potential of Vetiver grass for the phytoremediation of a real multi-contaminated soil, assisted by electrokinetic. Chemosphere. 2020;246:125802.
- Sumiahadi A, Acar R, editors. A review of phytoremediation technology: heavy metals uptake by plants. IOP conference series: earth and environmental science; 2018: IOP Publishing.
- Yuan S, Liu X, Gao P, Han Y. A semi-industrial experiment of suspension magnetization roasting technology for separation of iron minerals from red mud. Journal of hazardous materials. 2020;394:122579.
- Joseph E, Sandeep O. Impacts of magnetic treatment of irrigation water on plant, water and soil characteristics. Agricultural water management. 2016.
- Da Silva JAT, Dobránszki J. Impact of magnetic water on plant growth. Environ Exp Biol. 2014;12:137-42.
- Satari M, Javani Jouni F, Abolmaleki P, Soleimani H. Influence of static magnetic field on HeLa and Huo2 Cells in the presence of Aloe Vera extract. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2021;22(S1):9-15.
- Chandanshive VV, Kadam SK, Khandare RV, Kurade MB, Jeon B-H, Jadhav JP, et al. In situ phytoremediation of dyes from textile wastewater using garden ornamental plants, effect on soil quality and plant growth. Chemosphere. 2018;210:968-76.
- Chen L, Long C, Wang D, Yang J. Phytoremediation of cadmium (Cd) and uranium (U) contaminated soils by Brassica juncea L. enhanced with exogenous application of plant growth regulators. Chemosphere. 2020;242:125112.
- Pandey SK, Bhattacharya T. Effect of two biodegradable chelates on metals uptake, translocation and biochemical changes of Lantana Camara growing in fly ash amended soil. International journal of phytoremediation. 2018;20(3):214-24.
- Materac M, Wyrwicka A, Sobiecka E. Phytoremediation techniques of wastewater treatment. Environmental biotechnology. 2015;11.
- Phusantisampan T, Meeinkuirt W, Saengwilai P, Pichtel J, Chaiyarat R. Phytostabilization potential of two ecotypes of Vetiveria zizanioides in cadmium-contaminated soils: greenhouse and field experiments. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2016;23(19):20027-38.
- Bagherifard A, Ghasemnezhad A, Bagheri A, Barani Motlagh M, Rezayiasl A. Evaluation of Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Plant Quality under Irrigation by Magnetized Water. Ethno-Pharmaceutical Products. 2021;2(1):38-44.
- Elfanssi S, Ouazzani N, Mandi L. Soil properties and agro-physiological responses of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) irrigated by treated domestic wastewater. Agricultural water management. 2018;202:231-40.
- Biswas S, Mojid M. Changes in soil properties in response to irrigation of potato by urban wastewater. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 2018;49(7):828-39.
- Vashisth A, Joshi DK. Growth characteristics of maize seeds exposed to magnetic field. Bioelectromagnetics. 2017;38(2):151-7.
- Liu W-g, Liu J-x, Yao M-l, Ma Q-f. Salt tolerance of a wild ecotype of vetiver grass (Vetiveria zizanioides L.) in southern China. Botanical studies. 2016;57(1):1-8.
- Wang Y, Wei H, Li Z. Effect of magnetic field on the physical properties of water. Results in Physics. 2018;8:262-7.
- Sparks DL, Page AL, Helmke PA, Loeppert RH. Methods of soil analysis, part 3: Chemical methods: John Wiley & Sons; 2020.
- Sorenson PT, Small C, Tappert M, Quideau SA, Drozdowski B, Underwood A, et al. Monitoring organic carbon, total nitrogen, and pH for reclaimed soils using field reflectance spectroscopy. Canadian Journal of Soil Science. 2017;97(2):241-8.
- Visconti F, de Paz JM. Estimation of the carbon valence from its average formal oxidation state in the soil organic matter. European Journal of Soil Science. 2021 Sep;72(5):2225-30.
- Hadigu KM, Gebrekirstos A, Kibret K, Tesfay F. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science. 2020;9(2):173-85.
- Abdollahi S, Golchin A. Biomass Production and Cadmium Accumulation and Translocation in Three Varieties of Cabbage. Iranian Journal of Soil and Water Research. 2018;49(2):243-59.
- Al-Mallahi J, Tahhan R, Khresat Se. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science. 2020;9(3):222-30.
- Mohammadi F, Ghanati F, Sharifi M, Chashmi NA. On the mechanism of the cell cycle control of suspension-cultured tobacco cells after exposure to static magnetic field. Plant Science. 2018;277:139-44.
- Mohammed E, Mohammed T, Mohammed A. Optimization of instrument conditions for the analysis for mercury, arsenic, antimony and selenium by atomic absorption spectroscopy. MethodsX. 2018;5:824-33.
- Berwal M, Ram C. Superoxide dismutase: A stable biochemical marker for abiotic stress tolerance in higher plants. Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants. 2018:1-10.
- Glinka M, Gawron S, Sieroń A, Pawłowska-Góral K, Cieślar G, Sieroń K. Impact of static magnetic field on the antioxidant defence system of mice fibroblasts. BioMed research international. 2018 Mar;2018.
- Bemani E, Ghanati F, Rezaei A, Jamshidi M. Effect of phenylalanine on Taxol production and antioxidant activity of extracts of suspension-cultured hazel (Corylus avellana L.) cells. Journal of natural medicines. 2013;67(3):446-51.
- Sun C, Deng L, Du M, Zhao J, Chen Q, Huang T, et al. A transcriptional network promotes anthocyanin biosynthesis in tomato flesh. Molecular plant. 2020;13(1):42-58.
- Takarina ND, Pin TG. Bioconcentration factor (BCF) and translocation factor (TF) of heavy metals in mangrove trees of Blanakan fish farm. Makara Journal of Science. 2017;21(2):4.
- Achenef Haile G. Genotype by environment interaction and stability on yield, yield components and protein content of faba bean (vicia faba l.) across faba bean growing area of Ethiopia: Bahir Dar University; 2019.
- Khizhenkov P, Netsvetov M. Influence of low-intensity physical factors on plant growth indices: 1. Alternating magnetic fields and salt solutions. Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry. 2009;45(2):153-6.
- De Maria S, Puschenreiter M, Rivelli A. Cadmium accumulation and physiological response of sunflower plants to Cd during the vegetative growing cycle. Plant, Soil and Environment. 2013;59(6):254-61.
- Ghanati F, Abdolmaleki P, Vaezzadeh M, Rajabbeigi E, Yazdani M. Application of magnetic field and iron in order to change medicinal products of Ocimum basilicum. The Environmentalist. 2007;27(4):429-34.
- Khan H, Khan MS, Sajad MA, Khan H, Ihsan M, Ullah I, et al. Phytoremediation of selected heavy metals using Bryophyllum daigremontianum (Raym-Hamet & H. Perrier) A. Berger. Bangladesh Journal of Botany. 2020;49(1):21-7.
- Luo J, He W, Yang D, Wu J, Gu XS. Magnetic field enhance decontamination efficiency of Noccaea caerulescens and reduce leaching of non-hyperaccumulated metals. Journal of hazardous materials. 2019;368:141-8.
- Suzuki N, Koussevitzky S, Mittler R, Miller G. ROS and redox signalling in the response of plants to abiotic stress. Plant, cell & environment. 2012;35(2):259-70.
- Magalhães ER, Costa Filho JD, Padilha CE, Silva FL, Sousa MA, Santos ES. Activated sludge treatment for promoting the reuse of a synthetic produced water in irrigation. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B. 2021;56(2):132-41.
- de Sousa FF, do Carmo MGF, Lima ESA, de Souza CdCB, do Amaral Sobrinho NMB. Lead and cadmium transfer factors and the contamination of tomato fruits (Solanum lycopersicum) in a tropical mountain agroecosystem. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 2020;105(2):325-31.
- Mitra S, Pramanik K, Sarkar A, Ghosh PK, Soren T, Maiti TK. Bioaccumulation of cadmium by Enterobacter sp. and enhancement of rice seedling growth under cadmium stress. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety. 2018;156:183-96.
- Chen F, Wang F, Wu F, Mao W, Zhang G, Zhou M. Modulation of exogenous glutathione in antioxidant defense system against Cd stress in the two barley genotypes differing in Cd tolerance. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 2010;48(8):663-72.
- Punamiya P, Datta R, Sarkar D, Barber S, Patel M, Das P. Symbiotic role of Glomus mosseae in phytoextraction of lead in vetiver grass [Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.)]. Journal of hazardous materials. 2010;177(1-3):465-74.
- Aslam M, Aslam A, Sheraz M, Ali B, Ulhassan Z, Najeeb U, et al. Lead Toxicity in Cereals: Mechanistic Insight Into Toxicity, Mode of Action, and Management. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2021;11:2248.
- Sharma N, Tomar R. Association of Nonenzymatic Antioxidants in Plant Holobiont. Antioxidants in Plant-Microbe Interaction: Springer; 2021. p. 59-73.
- Moustafa-Farag M, Mohamed HI, Mahmoud A, Elkelish A, Misra AN, Guy KM, et al. Salicylic acid stimulates antioxidant defense and osmolyte metabolism to alleviate oxidative stress in watermelons under excess boron. Plants. 2020;9(6):724.
- Al-Ghamdi AAM. The effect of magnetic water on soil characteristics and Raphanus sativus L. growth. World Journal of Environmental Biosciences. 2020;9(1):16-20.
- Podleśny J, Podleśna A, Gładyszewska B, Bojarszczuk J. Effect of Pre-Sowing Magnetic Field Treatment on Enzymes and Phytohormones in Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Seeds and Seedlings. Agronomy. 2021;11(3):494.
- Dhawi F. Why magnetic fields are used to enhance a plant’s growth and productivity? Annual Research & Review in Biology. 2014:886-96.
- El Sayed HESA. Impact of magnetic water irrigation for improve the growth, chemical composition and yield production of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) plant. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International. 2014:476-96.
- Davies PJ. Plant hormones: biosynthesis, signal transduction, action!: Springer Science & Business Media; 2004.
- Smeets K, Ruytinx J, Semane B, Van Belleghem F, Remans T, Van Sanden S, et al. Cadmium-induced transcriptional and enzymatic alterations related to oxidative stress. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 2008;63(1-3):1-8.
- Li S-W, Zeng X-Y, Leng Y, Feng L, Kang X-H. Indole-3-butyric acid mediates antioxidative defense systems to promote adventitious rooting in mung bean seedlings under cadmium and drought stresses. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety. 2018;161:332-41.
- Mittler R. Oxidative stress, antioxidants and stress tolerance. Trends in plant science. 2002;7(9):405-10.
- Gill SS, Tuteja N. Reactive oxygen species and antioxidant machinery in abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Plant physiology and biochemistry. 2010;48(12):909-30.