Document Type : Original Articles


1 Department of Health Economics and Management, School of Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran

2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Clinical Research Institute, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran

3 Department of Management, Human Resources, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 Afagh Higher Education Institute, Urmia, Iran



Background: Due to the unpredictability of Covid-19, policymakers should look at this issue as a complex system in developing and providing solutions to deal with it. This research aimed to provide a policy model for dealing with Covid-19.
Methods: This is a qualitative study and used the theme analysis method. Data collection tools were semi-structured interviews and data analysis in open, centralized, and selective coding stages. The research area was the universities of medical sciences affiliated with the Ministry of Health. The research population of this study included senior managers and their successors who worked in the Corona headquarters with sufficient familiarity with coronavirus issues and practical and managerial experience and supervision of universities and hospitals. In this research, the required data were collected using field methods and interviews with 15 people theoretically and purposefully until the theoretical saturation was reached. The validity of the interview questions was reviewed and confirmed by experts.
Results: After analyzing the interviews and integrating the duplicate codes in several stages, 168 codes were obtained and divided into three main categories. These categories included information on the covid-19 in nine subcategories, sections dealing with covid-19 in seven subcategories, and a policy formulation framework in four subcategories.
Conclusion: Given the interdependence of economic, social, and cultural systems in the development of policies related to covid-19 and systemic threats, all aspects should be considered.


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