Inhibition of IL-1/IL-6 Pathway Reduces Mortality in Patients with SARS-CoV-2

Elham Keshtzar; Marzieh Rashedinia

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, , Pages 390-396

  Background: Novel 2019 Coronavirus (covid-19) or SARSCoV-2 disease is spreading quickly throughout the globe and threatening public health. Severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS-CoV-2 may precipitate “cytokine” storm, immune system dysregulation, and hyper-coagulation that are responsible ...  Read More

Impact of COVID-19-related Stress on Glycaemic Control in Hospitalized Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Rohini Patil; Kamal Shah; Deepak Bhosle

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, , Pages 397-402

  Background: Evaluation of the impact of stress on glycaemic control in hospitalized type-2 diabetes (T2DM) patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19).Methods: In this retrospective study conducted at a single centre in Maharashtra from May to July 2020 on hospitalized COVID-19 patients with T2DM who ...  Read More

The Mortality Rate and Years of Life Lost due to COVID-19 in Southwestern Iran

Habibollah Azarbakhsh; Aliasghar Valipour; Ali Hemmati; Alireza Mirahmadizadeh; Leila Moftakhar

Volume 10, Issue 4 , October 2022, , Pages 446-451

  Background: COVID-19 emerged in China for the first time, and spread rapidly in the world and in Iran. It caused the death of many people. This study was performed to estimate the years of life lost due to COVID-19 in southwestern Iran.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, deaths due to COVID-19 were ...  Read More

Physical and Psychological Problem of COVID-19 Infection in Healthcare Workers: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Mohebat Vali; Alireza Mirahmadizadeh; Zahra Maleki; Sima Afrashteh; Arefe Abedinzade; Farzaneh Kasraei; Haleh Ghaem

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, , Pages 250-256

  Background: Coronavirus is among the pathogens that primarily target the respiratory system. Given the importance of Health Care Workers (HCWs) in the fight against COVID-19, their infection with the virus and death can cause irreparable damage to public health. The present systematic review and meta-analysis ...  Read More

Hematological Markers in the Assessment of Severity of COVID-19 Infection—A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study

Swathy Moorthy; Teena Koshy; Mahesh Kumar K; Jasmine Chandra A; Emmanuel Bhaskar; Santhi Silambanan

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, , Pages 276-283

  Background: Patients with COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) present varying disease severity; with such heterogeneity in clinical presentations, it can be challenging to assess the severity and progression of the disease. In addition, no specific markers have been identified that would indicate the ...  Read More

The Fear of COVID-19 Infection one Year After Business Reopening in Iranian Society

Mohsen Poursadeqiyan; Nayyereh Kasiri; Behzad Khedri; Zahra Ghalichi Zaveh; Amin Babaei Pouya; Somayeh Barzanouni; milad Abbasi; Maryam Feiz Arefi; Farahnaz Khajehnasiri; Naser Dehghan

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, , Pages 284-292

  Background: People’s participation in more efficient control of the disease and public awareness about the risk of COVID-19 affect their preventive behavior. This study examines the level of fear of COVID-19 infection in Iranian society after returning to social activities and business reopening. ...  Read More

Upstream Determinants and Downstream Risk Factors of COVID-19 Infection in Iran: A Qualitative Study of Health Professionals’ Views

Zahra Jorjoran Shushtari; Marzieh Shirazikhah; Sina Ahmadi; Yahya Salimi; Akbar Biglarian; Ali Almasi; Toktam Paykani

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, , Pages 365-375

  Background: Iran, after China, emerged as one of the first COVID-19 epidemic countries. Despite all efforts to interrupt new transmission chains, the virus continued to quickly spread across the country. WHO has highlighted a crucial role for social factors and intersectoral collaboration to tackle COVID-19. ...  Read More

Control of COVID-19 in Rural Area: An Evidence-based Strategy

Mohammad Khammarnia; Seyed Mohammad Hashemi-Shahri; Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam; Seyed Mehdi Tabatabaei; Ali Naghizadeh; Mohammadhadi Abbasi; Seyed Mohammad Nasiruddin Tabatabaei; Fatemeh Setoodehzadeh; Mehdi Zangane Bayegi; Majid Sartipi

Volume 10, Issue 3 , July 2022, , Pages 376-379

  Background: COVID-19 has become a global problem. In this case study, the experiences gained from disease control in rural areas are reported. Methods: An observational study was done in 2020 in Sistan and Balochestan, the largest province with most rural areas in the southeast of Iran. Results: After ...  Read More

Application of Geospatial Technology for Infectious Disease Surveillance: A Study of Covid-19 Pandemic in North-east India

Anwesha Mahanta

Volume 10, Issue 2 , April 2022, , Pages 158-167

  Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has shattered the global health system and caused havoc worldwide. Since there is no proper medication, non-pharmaceutical intervention methods are followed to mitigate viral transmission. For its proper implementation, it is crucial to track the spatial pattern of transmission ...  Read More

Demand for Psychiatrist Nurse in the COVID-19 Inpatient Wards

Rozhan Khezri; Rohollah Valizadeh; Payam Nozad; Zahra Maleki; Mousa Ghelichi-Ghojogh

Volume 10, Issue 2 , April 2022, , Pages 233-234

  In December 2019, the viral outbreak was reported in Wuhan, China, by a novel virus named COVID-19 1,2. The virus spread worldwide rapidly because of its high contagiousness, infecting almost all countries in a short time 3, 4. COVID-19 can affect multiple organs, including the respiratory system, neurology ...  Read More

The Priority of the Family-centered Role in Combating the Prevalence of COVID-19 Epidemic in Iran

Mousa Bamir; Salman Farahbakhsh; Salman Daneshi

Volume 10, Issue 2 , April 2022, , Pages 235-236

  Coronaviruses are relatively old viruses that first were identified in 1930 as the infectious bronchitis virus in birds, and in 1940 were identified as the cause of gastroenteritis in pigs. Global concern rising about mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic and varieties of clinical signs seems to be ...  Read More

Overview on Origin, Transmission, Treatment and Clinical Researches of Sars-Cov-2

Asita Elengoe; Shalini Selvam

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 2-12

  Background: The year 2020 began with a new public health hazard. A novel coronavirus, acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was discovered in Wuhan, China on 12th December 2019. In 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) introduced the name of the disease as ‘COVID-19’. ...  Read More

Clinical Guidelines on the Use of Assisted Reproductive Technology During Covid-19 Pandemic: A Minireview of the Current Literature

Soudabeh Sabetian; Bahia Namavar Jahromi; Farnia Feiz; Isabella Castiglioni; Claudia Cava; Sina Vakili

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 13-18

  Background: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), caused by a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is now spread  worldwide. Therefore, informative and reliable data related to the exact effects of COVID-19 on fertility and pregnancy is still of great interest until the ...  Read More

Evaluation of the Behavioral Changes Related to Food Hygiene and Safety During COVID-19 Outbreak

Golazin Hoseini; Zahra Esmaeilinezhad; Maedeh Gordali; Reza Barati-Boldaji; Zahra Negarandeh; Siavash Babajafari; Seyed Mohammad Mazloomi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 97-104

  Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate behavior changes related to food hygiene and safety during Covid-19 outbreak. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a digital questionnaire was used to collect the data. The questionnaire consisted of 36 questions in three sections: demographic ...  Read More

Increased Risk of Physical Problems Following Sleep Disorders During the COVID-19 Epidemic in Health Care Personnel

Hamed Delam; Fatemeh Zare

Volume 10, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 142-143

  Coronavirus (COVID-19) was first developed in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and spread rapidly around the world (1, 2). In late January 2020, the disease was recognized as the sixth international public health emergency (3). The infection is transmitted from person to person through respiratory secretions ...  Read More

The Global Challenges of Controlling Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Review Study

Ali Mohammad Mokhtari; Rebecca Susan Dewey; Alireza Mirahmadizadeh

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, , Pages 142-148

  Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is a challenging health problem around the world. At time of this study, the pandemic is still underway, so prevention and control are of great importance. This review provides a comprehensive examination and analysis of the literature related to the challenges of controlling ...  Read More

Knowledge, Perception, and Sources of Information on COVID-19 among Nigerian Youths in the First Month of the Pandemic

Abiodun Ebenezer Kolapo; Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi; Temitope Olajumoke Omoju; Olugbenga Adeola Odukanmi; Dayo Olufemi Akanbi; James Olatunde Okediran; Muhammad Shakir Balogun

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, , Pages 89-96

  Background: This study aimed to assess the knowledge, perception, and sources of COVID-19 information among Nigerian youths. Methods:  We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study among 817 National Youth Service Corps members. Participants’ overall general knowledge about COVID-19 was ...  Read More

A Report of an Iranian COVID-19 Case in a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Patient: A Case Report and Insights

Sina Vakili; Sarvenaz Roshanisefat; Leila Ghahramani; Sheida Jamalnia

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, , Pages 135-139

  Background: The latest outbreak of coronavirus (2019-nCoV), emerging in Wuhan, China, has spread exponentially in 2019. Management of gallbladder stones during COVID-19 pandemic may be challenging. We report an Iranian COVID-19 Case in a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Patient. Case presentation: In the ...  Read More

The Role of Social Media in Coronaphobia

Hamed Delam; Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, , Pages 140-141

  Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a severe respiratory illness with an unknown cause that was diagnosed in December 2019 in Wuhan, China (1-3). Iran is one of the countries involved with this disease. The global outbreak of the disease raises concerns about increased anxiety due to the risk of contracting ...  Read More

Comparison of PCR Test Accuracy with Laboratory Data and CT SCAN in COVID19: A Systematic Review

Mohebat Vali; Alireza Mirahmadizadeh; Zahra Maleki; Fatemeh Goudarzi; Arefe Abedinzade; Haleh Ghaem

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 2-12

  Backgrounds:  Given the novelty of COVID-19, reviewing diagnostic methods can be of great help to community health policymakers. Considering the importance of diagnosing COVID-19 and the need for reducing the number of false positive and false negative cases that appear to be different in various ...  Read More

Factors Influencing Anxiety of Healthcare Workers during the Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): A Cross-Sectional Study

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Hamed Delam; Maasumeh Elahi; Sahar Akbarpoor; Zohreh Faramarzian

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 26-31

  Background: The mental health of healthcare workers has been a concern during the outbreak of 2019 novel Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19). Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate the anxiety of the healthcare workers during Covid-19 epidemic and to discover the factors affecting it. Methods:The ...  Read More

The Impact of Quarantine, Isolation, and Social Distancing on COVID-19 Prevention: A Systematic Review

Mohebat Vali; Alireza Mirahmadizadeh; Zahra Maleki; Fatemeh Goudarzi; Arefe Abedinzade; Haleh Ghaem

Volume 8, Issue 4 , October 2020, , Pages 138-150

  Background: The new Corona virus disease (COVID-19) appeared in Wuhan, China in December 2019. Methods, such as quarantine, isolation, and social distancing, if implemented properly, can help prevent the transmission of the disease. This study aimed to examine the effects of quarantine, isolation, and ...  Read More

Increased death anxiety in the elderly during Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic

Hamed Delam; Safoura Izanloo

Volume 8, Issue 4 , October 2020, , Pages 185-186

  In December 2019, the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China led to its spread around the world and became one of the major international concerns (1). The World Health Organization (WHO) has stated that COVID-19 has become a global health concern and causes severe respiratory infections ...  Read More

Economic Crisis during the COVID-19 Pandemic is Likely to Increase Suicide Risk

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Hamed Delam

Volume 8, Issue 4 , October 2020, , Pages 187-188

  Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), also known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a cluster of acute respiratory illnesses for unknown reasons that first occurred in December 2019 in Wuhan, China (1). With continuation of the coronavirus transmission, various health ...  Read More