Original Article
Comparison of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella Removal Efficiency in Aquatic Environments Using Silver and Copper Nanoparticles

Masoomeh Ghanavat Amani; Reza Jalilzadeh Yengejeh

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 72-80


  Background: The main aspect of water purification to serve the human drinking purpose is the elimination of microbial agents and pathogens using the disinfectants. Although chemicals such as chlorine are the most common water disinfectants, the researchers have always sought  to identify and ...  Read More

Original Articles
Prevalence and Incidence of Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) in Fars province in the South of Iran, 2016-17: An Insurance Archived-Prescription-based Study

Sanaz Amiri; Forough Saki; Mozhgan Seif; Alireza Mirahmadizadeh

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 81-88


  Background: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is known as a chronic autoimmune disease with an increasing prevalence and incidence. This study was conducted to determine the incidence rate and prevalence of insulin-dependent diabetes in Iran in 2016 and 2017. ...  Read More

Original Article
Knowledge, Perception, and Sources of Information on COVID-19 among Nigerian Youths in the First Month of the Pandemic

Abiodun Ebenezer Kolapo; Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi; Temitope Olajumoke Omoju; Olugbenga Adeola Odukanmi; Dayo Olufemi Akanbi; James Olatunde Okediran; Muhammad Shakir Balogun

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 89-96


  Background: This study aimed to assess the knowledge, perception, and sources of COVID-19 information among Nigerian youths. Methods:  We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study among 817 National Youth Service Corps members. Participants’ overall general knowledge about COVID-19 was ...  Read More

Original Article
Health Care Waste Management in Hospitals of Tabriz, Iran: A Comparison between General and Specialized Hospitals

Mohammad Hoseini; Solmaz Aslan Pour; Gholam Hossein Safari

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 97-104


  Background: Health care waste (HCW) management is highly important and has received special attention from the authorities and people. Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the management of HCW in general and specialized hospitals of Tabriz, Iran. Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional ...  Read More

Original Article
Epidemiological Study of Scorpion-sting in Patients Referred to Medical Centers of Shiraz, South-west of Iran

Masoumeh Bagheri; Hamzeh Alipour; Ali Keshawarz

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 105-110


  Background: Scorpion sting is one of the serious and major medical problems in the world. Shiraz is a tourist city and one of the high-risk areas where a number of scorpion sting occurs annually. Objectives: The present research aimed to conduct an epidemiological study of scorpion sting in Shiraz County. Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article
Management of Functional Constipation in Pediatrics Based on Nurse Educational Intervention

Zohreh Faramarzian; Marzieh Kargar; Seyed Mohsen Dehghani; Najaf Zare

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 111-117


  Back ground: Constipation is a prevalent problem in pediatric patients and one of the ten most common pathological conditions visited by general pediatricians (1). It accounts for up to 25 percent of referrals to a pediatric gastroenterologist. Therefore, this study was done to evaluate the effects of ...  Read More

Original Article
Investigating Environmental Health Engineering Graduates’ Attitudes towards Compliance of the Received Trainings with their Occupational Needs in Mashhad, Iran, 2019

Roya Peirovi; Sara Javanbakht; Zohre Moeini; Monnavar Afzal Aghaee; Hossein Alidadi

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 118-126


  Introduction: One of the most important goals of any higher education system is to educate specialized manpower with sufficient skills and knowledge. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the environmental health engineering graduates' attitudes towards compliance of the received training ...  Read More

Original Article
The Assessment of Thermal Conditions Using Humidex in Different Weather Conditions: A Case in Different Climates of Iran

Farideh Golbabaei; Hamidreza Heidari; Aliakbar Shamsipour

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 127-134


  Background: This study aimed to illustrate the applicability of the Humidex index for assessment of outdoor thermal environments in a wide range of weather conditions in different climates in Iran. Study Design: This is a cross-sectional study. Methods: Both  field measurements (1452 measurements) ...  Read More

Case Reports
A Report of an Iranian COVID-19 Case in a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Patient: A Case Report and Insights

Sina Vakili; Sarvenaz Roshanisefat; Leila Ghahramani; Sheida Jamalnia

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 135-139


  Background: The latest outbreak of coronavirus (2019-nCoV), emerging in Wuhan, China, has spread exponentially in 2019. Management of gallbladder stones during COVID-19 pandemic may be challenging. We report an Iranian COVID-19 Case in a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Patient. Case presentation: In the ...  Read More

Letter to Editor
The Role of Social Media in Coronaphobia

Hamed Delam; Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan

Volume 9, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 140-141


  Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a severe respiratory illness with an unknown cause that was diagnosed in December 2019 in Wuhan, China (1-3). Iran is one of the countries involved with this disease. The global outbreak of the disease raises concerns about increased anxiety due to the risk of contracting ...  Read More